Levels of Selection, Altruism, and Primate Behavior

@article{Bradley1999LevelsOS,
  title={Levels of Selection, Altruism, and Primate Behavior},
  author={Brenda J. Bradley},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={1999},
  volume={74},
  pages={171 - 194}
}
  • B. Bradley
  • Published 1 June 1999
  • Psychology, Biology
  • The Quarterly Review of Biology
Altruistic behaviors seem anomalous from a traditional view of Darwinian natural selection, and evolutionary explanations for them have generated much discussion. The debate centers around four major explanations: classic individual-level selection, reciprocity and game theory, kin selection, and trait-group selection. The historical context and defining criteria of each model must be reviewed before its validity can be assessed. Of these proposed mechanisms, group selection historically has… 
GROUP SELECTION, ALTRUISTIC PREFERENCES AND ECONOMIC THEORY
Social scientists have long debated the extent to which humans are motivated by prosocial concerns versus material self-interest. While the 2 0 ~ century focus on self-interest has received support
Self-Organization and Natural Selection in the Evolution of Complex Despotic Societies
TLDR
This paper discusses in this paper how related species, which differ in many respects, may evolve by a combination of individual selection, self-organization, and group-selection, requiring an evolutionary adaptation of only a single trait.
Kin selection and the distribution of altruism in relation to degree of kinship in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
TLDR
Experiments on Japanese macaques made it possible to assess or control the effect of factors responsible for the unclear altruistic status of many behavioral categories, the difficulty of assessing the values of B and C, and hence their impact on the distribution of altruism according to relatedness, and the potentially confounding effect of reciprocal altruism on kin selection.
Relatedness in trait group models of social evolution.
  • J. Pepper
  • Psychology
    Journal of theoretical biology
  • 2000
TLDR
This paper examines relatedness in group structured modes, in which a trait affects the fitness of all group members and recognizes the distinction between these trait types, resolving some apparent contradictions in the literature and clarifying the limits of some previous results.
Social Play Behaviour: Cooperation, Fairness, Trust, and the Evolution of Morality
People often wonder if some nonhuman animal beings (hereafter animals) have codes of social conduct that regulate their behaviour in terms of what is permissible and what is not permissible during
Wild justice and fair play: cooperation, forgiveness, and morality in animals
In this paper I argue that we can learn much about ‘wild justice’ and the evolutionary origins of social morality – behaving fairly – by studying social play behavior in group-living animals, and
Warlike and Peaceful Societies: The Interaction of Genes and Culture
Are humans violent or peaceful by nature? We are both. In this ambitious and wide-ranging book, Agner Fog presents a ground-breaking new argument that explains the existence of differently organised
Self-organised dominance relationships: A model and data of primates
17 INTRODUCTION 18 COMPARISON OF TWO STATISTICS 18 The Model 19 Experiments 20 Statistics of female dominance over males and their comparison 20 Comparative Results of both Statistics 24 Discussion
Why are cultures warlike or peaceful? Test of regality theory on 186 non-industrial societies
Regality theory is a theory saying that people show a preference for strong leadership in times of war or collective danger, but a preference for an egalitarian political system in times of peace and
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 119 REFERENCES
The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism
  • R. Trivers
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1971
A model is presented to account for the natural selection of what is termed reciprocally altruistic behavior. The model shows how selection can operate against the cheater (non-reciprocator) in the
Weak Altruism, Strong Group Selection
TLDR
This essay points out some inconsistencies between the two major themes of group selection and shows that, by following the first theme to its natural conclusions, it is reasonable to expect strong group selection to operate in random associations, without any genetic relatedness among group members.
Group Selection, Altruism, and Structured-Deme Models
  • L. Nunney
  • Psychology
    The American Naturalist
  • 1985
TLDR
Structured-deme models are a valuable tool for analyzing local interactions and the resulting neighborhood selection; it is important to note, however, that if a model incorporates isolated trait groups, then within-group comparisons are entirely inappropriate for evaluating the fate of genotypes.
The Evolution of Social Behavior by Kin Selection
TLDR
A synthesis of current ideas on the evolution of insect sociality shows how mutualism, parental manipulation, and kin selection could all have operated, either in conjunction or independently, to produce extreme altruism (worker sterility) starting with different kinds of primitice groups.
Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring
TLDR
It is proposed that the emergence of indirect reciprocity was a decisive step for the evolution of human societies and the probability of knowing the ‘image’ of the recipient must exceed the cost-to-benefit ratio of the altruistic act.
Genetic similarity, human altruism, and group selection
Abstract A new theory of attraction and liking based on kin selection suggests that people detect genetic similarity in others in order to give preferential treatment to those who are most similar to
The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I.
Grooming, alliances and reciprocal altruism in vervet monkeys
TLDR
The field experiments on vervet monkeys are demonstrated to demonstrate that grooming between unrelated individuals increases the probability that they will subsequently attend to each others' solicitations for aid.
THE UNITS OF SELECTION
The principle of natural selection as the motive force for evolution was framed by Darwin in terms of a "struggle for existence" on the part of organisms living in a finite and risky environment. The
Reciprocal altruism in Papio anubis
TLDR
It is reported here that altruistic behaviour involving the formation of coalitions among male olive baboons (Papio anubis) fulfils the criteria for reciprocal altruism.
...
...