Levels, distributions and sources of veterinary antibiotics in the sediments of the Bohai Sea in China and surrounding estuaries.

Abstract

Veterinary antibiotics are emerging contaminants of concern. A total of 139 samples comprising 104 marine sediments and 35 estuarine sediments were collected from the Bohai Sea area and analyzed for seventeen antibiotics. The results reveal that the presence and concentration of antibiotics were generally higher in the estuaries than in the sea. The highest antibiotic concentration, 4695μgkg(-1) of oxytetracycline, occurred in the estuarine sediment from Ziya New River. Bohai Bay and Laizhou Bay and the surrounding estuaries had higher concentrations of antibiotics. However, low levels of antibiotics detected were detected in Liaodong Bay in contrast to the high concentrations present in the surrounding estuaries. Spatial heterogeneity and principal component analysis suggest a large impact of terrestrial sources of the antibiotics contaminating the Bohai Sea. Risk quotients indicate that current levels of norfloxacin and oxytetracycline might be potentially hazardous to sensitive biota both in the Bohai Sea and in its surrounding estuaries.

DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.05.033

Cite this paper

@article{Liu2016LevelsDA, title={Levels, distributions and sources of veterinary antibiotics in the sediments of the Bohai Sea in China and surrounding estuaries.}, author={Xinghua Liu and Haibo Zhang and Lianzhen Li and Chuancheng Fu and Chen Yu-Li Tu and Yujuan Huang and Longhua Wu and Jianhui Tang and Yongming Luo and Peter Christie}, journal={Marine pollution bulletin}, year={2016}, volume={109 1}, pages={597-602} }