Level of action of cathodal DC polarisation induced inhibition of the human motor cortex

@article{Nitsche2003LevelOA,
  title={Level of action of cathodal DC polarisation induced inhibition of the human motor cortex},
  author={Michael A. Nitsche and Maren S. Nitsche and C. Klein and Frithjof Tergau and John C. Rothwell and Walter Paulus},
  journal={Clinical Neurophysiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={114},
  pages={600-604}
}

The effects of prolonged cathodal direct current stimulation on the excitatory and inhibitory circuits of the ipsilateral and contralateral motor cortex

TLDR
Evaluated whether a long-lasting suppression of cortical excitability could be induced by prolonged cathodal tDCS, and the impact of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms, on tDCS after-effects.

Transcranial direct current stimulation effects on I-wave activity in humans.

TLDR
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TLDR
The results show that tDCS elicits a transient, reversible excitability alteration of the visual cortex, thus representing a promising tool for neuroplasticity research.

Brain transcranial direct current stimulation modulates motor excitability in mice

TLDR
The feasibility of tDCS in mice suggests the potential applicability of this technique to assess the potential therapeutic options of brain polarization in animal models of neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases.

Non‐synaptic mechanisms underlie the after‐effects of cathodal transcutaneous direct current stimulation of the human brain

TLDR
The findings demonstrate that the after‐effects of tDCS have a non‐synaptic mechanism of action based upon changes in neural membrane function and could arise from alterations in transmembrane proteins and from electrolysis‐related changes in [H+] induced by exposure to constant electric field.

Excitability changes induced in the human primary visual cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation: direct electrophysiological evidence.

PURPOSE Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to modify the perception threshold of phosphenes elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The current study was

Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation over the human motor cortex on corticospinal and transcallosal excitability

TLDR
Findings are compatible with the idea that tDCS-induced aftereffects in the cortical motor system are limited to the stimulated hemisphere, and that tDCs not only affects corticospinal circuits involved in producing MEPs but also inhibitory interneurons mediating transcallosal inhibition from the contralateral hemisphere.

Polarity-Specific Cortical Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Primary Somatosensory Cortex of Healthy Humans

TLDR
TDCS can be used to modulate the excitability of S1 in polarity-dependent manner, which can be assessed by PPS, and an interesting topic for further studies could be the investigation of direct correlations between sensory changes and excitability changes induced by tDCS.

Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on the excitability of the leg motor cortex

TLDR
It is suggested that it is more difficult to suppress the excitability of the leg motor cortex with cathodal tDCS than the hand area of the motor cortex.
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