Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans

@article{Hershkovitz2015LevantineCF,
  title={Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans},
  author={Israel Hershkovitz and Ofer Marder and Avner Ayalon and Miryam Bar-Matthews and Gal Yasur and Elisabetta Boaretto and Valentina Caracuta and Bridget Alex and Amos Frumkin and Mae Goder-Goldberger and Philipp Gunz and Ralph L. Holloway, and Bruce M. Latimer and Ron Lavi and Alan Matthews and Viviane Slon and Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer and Francesco Berna and Guy Bar-Oz and Reuven Yeshurun and Hila May and M. G. Hans and Gerhard W. Weber and Omry Barzilai},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2015},
  volume={520},
  pages={216-219}
}
A key event in human evolution is the expansion of modern humans of African origin across Eurasia between 60 and 40 thousand years (kyr) before present (bp), replacing all other forms of hominins. Owing to the scarcity of human fossils from this period, these ancestors of all present-day non-African modern populations remain largely enigmatic. Here we describe a partial calvaria, recently discovered at Manot Cave (Western Galilee, Israel) and dated to 54.7 ± 5.5 kyr bp (arithmetic mean ± 2… Expand
Manot 1 calvaria and recent modern human evolution: an anthropological perspective
TLDR
Manot 1 and Early Upper Palaeolithic skulls of Europe have many traits in common, and some of the archaic traits seen in Manot 1 can be traced to the Late Pleistocene Aduma skull from Ethiopia or even Eyasi 1 from Tanzania. Expand
Before the massive modern human dispersal into Eurasia: A 55,000-year-old partial cranium from Manot Cave, Israel
Abstract Genetic and archaeological models predict that African modern humans successfully colonized Eurasia between 60,000 and 40,000 years before present (ka), replacing all other forms ofExpand
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This study shows that fully modern morphologies were present in southern China 30,000–70,000 years earlier than in the Levant and Europe, and supports the hypothesis that during the same period, southern China was inhabited by more derived populations than central and northern China. Expand
Early Upper Paleolithic human foot bones from Manot Cave, Israel.
TLDR
A healed traumatic injury in the second metatarsal (Lisfranc's fracture) is most likely due to a remote impact to the dorsum of the foot, and its subsequent debility, and the individual's apparent recovery suggest that the members of the Manot Cave community had a supportive environment, one with mutual responsibilities among the members. Expand
OH 83: A new early modern human fossil cranium from the Ndutu beds of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania.
TLDR
The discovery of a newly recovered partial calvaria from the upper Ndutu Beds of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania is presented and a comparative analysis of its morphology is presented, placing OH 83 within the context of current understanding of the origins and evolution of Homo sapiens. Expand
Mosaic dental morphology in a terminal Pleistocene hominin from Dushan Cave in southern China
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This study reports a 15,000 years-old H. sapiens in South China with unusual mosaic features, such as large dental dimensions, cingulum-like structures at the dentine level in the posterior dentition and expression of a “crown buccal vertical groove complex”, all of which are uncommon in modern humans and more typically found in Middle Pleistocene archaic humans. Expand
Initial Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria
TLDR
Direct dates for human remains found in association with Initial Upper Palaeolithic artefacts at Bacho Kiro Cave (Bulgaria) demonstrate the presence of Homo sapiens in the mid-latitudes of Europe before 45 thousand years ago. Expand
The endocast of the late Middle Paleolithic Manot 1 specimen, Western Galilee, Israel.
TLDR
The Manot 1 calvaria is more similar to that of later Upper Paleolithic H. sapiens than it is to the earlier Levantine populations of Skhul and Qafzeh, and analyses indicate a modern Homo sapiens anatomy, despite the presence of some primitive features of thecalvaria. Expand
The dental remains from the Early Upper Paleolithic of Manot Cave, Israel.
TLDR
The outcome could not supply conclusive evidence to address the question of whether Manot Aurignacian population came from Europe or descended from the local Ahmarian population. Expand
Bondi Cave and the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition in western Georgia (south Caucasus)
Abstract The late Pleistocene expansion of anatomically modern humans (AMHs) into Eurasia and the concurrent demise of the Neanderthals appears to be a complex and regionally variable process. TheExpand
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