Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans

  title={Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans},
  author={Israel Hershkovitz and Ofer Marder and Avner Ayalon and Miryam Bar-Matthews and Gal Yasur and Elisabetta Boaretto and Valentina Caracuta and Bridget Alex and Amos Frumkin and Mae Goder-Goldberger and Philipp Gunz and Ralph L. Holloway, and Bruce M. Latimer and Ron Lavi and Alan Matthews and Viviane Slon and Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer and Francesco Berna and Guy Bar-Oz and Reuven Yeshurun and Hila May and M. G. Hans and Gerhard W. Weber and Omry Barzilai},
A key event in human evolution is the expansion of modern humans of African origin across Eurasia between 60 and 40 thousand years (kyr) before present (bp), replacing all other forms of hominins. Owing to the scarcity of human fossils from this period, these ancestors of all present-day non-African modern populations remain largely enigmatic. Here we describe a partial calvaria, recently discovered at Manot Cave (Western Galilee, Israel) and dated to 54.7 ± 5.5 kyr bp (arithmetic mean ± 2… 

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