Levamisole in cocaine: unexpected news from an old acquaintance.

@article{Larocque2012LevamisoleIC,
  title={Levamisole in cocaine: unexpected news from an old acquaintance.},
  author={Alexandre Larocque and Robert S Hoffman},
  journal={Clinical toxicology},
  year={2012},
  volume={50 4},
  pages={231-41}
}
Levamisole is a pharmaceutical with anthelminthic and immunomodulatory properties that was previously used in both animals and humans to treat inflammatory conditions and cancer. Levamisole has been identified as a cocaine adulterant in the United States since 2003. By 2009, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimated that 69% of the cocaine seized contained levamisole. The first case reports of complications related to levamisole in cocaine users were published in 2009… CONTINUE READING
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