Lev Landau and the concept of neutron stars

  title={Lev Landau and the concept of neutron stars},
  author={Dmitry Yakovlev and Paweł Haensel and Gordon Baym and C. J. Pethick},
  pages={289 - 295}
We review Lev Landau's role in the history of neutron star physics in the 1930s. According to the recollections of Rosenfeld (Proc. 16th Solvay Conference on Physics, 1974, p. 174), Landau improvised the concept of neutron stars in a discussion with Bohr and Rosenfeld just after the news of the discovery of the neutron reached Copenhagen in February 1932. We present arguments that the discussion must have taken place in March 1931, before the discovery of the neutron, and that they, in fact… 

The origin of the elements and other implications of gravitational wave detection for nuclear physics

The neutron-star collision revealed by the event GW170817 gave us a first glimpse of a possible birthplace of most of our heavy elements. The multi-messenger nature of this historical event combined

Stellar structure and compact objects before 1940: Towards relativistic astrophysics

Abstract Since the mid-1920s, different strands of research used stars as “physics laboratories” for investigating the nature of matter under extreme densities and pressures, impossible to realize on

From QCD to Neutron Stars and Back-Probing the Fundamental Properties of Dense Matter

The first theoretical attempts to study neutron stars — the immensely dense remnants of massive stars — were conducted in the 1930s, but it took nearly 40 years for the first one to be detected. Ever

Tests of gravity theories with Galactic Center observations

  • A. Zakharov
  • Physics
    International Journal of Modern Physics D
  • 2019
An active stage of relativistic astrophysics started in 1963 since in this year, quasars were discovered, Kerr solution had been found and the first Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics was

A roadmap to strange star

What if normal baryonic matter is compressed so tightly that atomic nuclei come into close contact? This question has been asked since 1930s. The fist answer was presented by Lev Landau whose

Impact of the neutron star crust on the tidal polarizability

Background: The first direct detection of a binary neutron star merger by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration (LIGO-Virgo) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 161101

Constraining the nuclear equation of state from nuclear physics and neutron star observations

Neutron stars are born when massive stars run out of their nuclear fuel and undergo gravitational collapse. Neutron stars belong to the most compact objects in the observable Universe. Macroscopic

Nonequilibrium Layer in the Crust of Neutron Stars and Nonequilibrium β-Processes in Astrophysics

The formation of the chemical composition of neutron star envelopes, at densities 1010–1013 g cm–3, is considered. As hot matter is compressed in the process of collapse, which leads to the explosion

Gravity theory tests with observations of stars near the black hole at the Galactic Center

  • A. Zakharov
  • Physics
    Journal of Physics: Conference Series
  • 2019
One could say that 2018 is very special year since 55 years ago quasars were discovered, the Kerr solution has been found and the First Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics has been

Quantum mechanism of extremely high energy processes at neutron star collapse and of quasar luminosity

  • J. Jacak
  • Physics
    Journal of High Energy Physics
  • 2022
Using the braid group topological approach to quantum statistics we demonstrate that for strong gravitational field occurring in neutron star merger with mass exceeding the Tolman, Oppenheimer and



Landau's youthful sallies into stellar theory: Their origins, claims, and receptions

Soviet physicist Lev Landau ventured into stellar theory three times during his twenties. In 1931 a hope of turning up fundamental results evidently inspired him to follow up Niels Bohr9s idea that

FROM THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS: The discovery of combinational scattering of light (the Raman effect)

Soon after research on molecular scattering of light began in the Soviet Union, Landsberg and Mandel'shtam made one of the most important discoveries in physics in this century: combinational

Edmund C. Stoner and the Discovery of the Maximum Mass of White Dwarfs

The existence of a mass limit for white dwarfs is usually attributed solely to the late astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–95), and this limit is named after him. But as is often the

The existence of a neutron

§ 1. It was shown by Bothe and Becker that some light elements when bombarded by α-particles of polonium emit radiations which appear to be of the γ-ray type. The element beryllium gave a

Energy production in stars.

It is shown that no elements heavier than He4 can be built up in ordinary stars, and the suggested mechanism of energy production is used to draw conclusions about astrophysical problems, such as the mass-luminosity relation, the stability against temperature changes, and stellar evolution.

The physics of a thermonuclear explosion of a normal-density liquefied deuterium sphere (On the impossibility of a spherically symmetric thermonuclear explosion in liquid deuterium at normal density)

The hydrodynamic problem of a thermonuclear explosion in a sphere of normal-density liquid deuterium was solved (Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk) in 1952–1954 in the framework of

Neutron stars, black holes and binary X-ray sources; Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, San Francisco, Calif., February 28, 1974

Supernovae.- Pulse Astronomy: Short Time Scale Phenomena in Electro--magnetic and Gravitational Wave Astronomy.- Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts.- The Physics of Gravitationally Collapsed Objects.-

Giant and Supergiant Stars with Degenerate Neutron Cores

Two classes of Thorne-Zytkow (TZ) stellar models are investigated: the giant models with low-mass envelopes and gravitational energy generation, and the super giant ones with more massive envelopes

Bakerian Lecture. Nuclear Constitution of Atoms

Introduction .—The conception of the nuclear constitution of atoms arose initially from attempts to account for the scattering of α-particles through large angles in traversing thin sheets of matter.

Neutron Stars, Black Holes and Binary X-ray Sources

H Gursky and R Ruffini (eds) Dordrecht, Holland: D Reidel 1975 pp xii + 438 price Dfl 135, $54 (cased), Dfl 95, $38 (paperback) This set of reviews is based on material presented to a meeting in