Leupeptin protects cochlear and vestibular hair cells from gentamicin ototoxicity.

Calpains, a family of calcium-activated proteases that breakdown proteins, kinases, phosphatases and transcription factors, can promote cell death. Since leupeptin, a calpain inhibitor, protected against hair cell loss from acoustic overstimulation, we hypothesized that it might protect cochlear and vestibular hair cells against gentamicin (GM) ototoxicity… CONTINUE READING