Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts

@article{Wilson2014LethalAI,
  title={Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts},
  author={Michael Lawrence Wilson and Christophe Boesch and Barbara Fruth and Takeshi Furuichi and Ian C. Gilby and Chie Hashimoto and Catherine Hobaiter and Gottfried Hohmann and Noriko Itoh and Kathelijne Koops and Julia N. Lloyd and Tetsuro Matsuzawa and John C. Mitani and Deus C. Mjungu and David Morgan and Martin N. Muller and Roger Mundry and Michio Nakamura and Jill D Pruetz and Anne E. Pusey and Julia Riedel and Crickette Sanz and Anne Marijke Schel and Nicole Simmons and Michel Tyler Waller and David P. Watts and Frances J. White and Roman M. Wittig and Klaus Zuberb{\"u}hler and Richard W. Wrangham},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2014},
  volume={513},
  pages={414-417}
}
Observations of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) provide valuable comparative data for understanding the significance of conspecific killing. Two kinds of hypothesis have been proposed. Lethal violence is sometimes concluded to be the result of adaptive strategies, such that killers ultimately gain fitness benefits by increasing their access to resources such as food or mates. Alternatively, it could be a non-adaptive result of human impacts, such as habitat change or… Expand
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