Lethal Force in Black and White: Assessing Racial Disparities in the Circumstances of Police Killings

  title={Lethal Force in Black and White: Assessing Racial Disparities in the Circumstances of Police Killings},
  author={Shea Streeter},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  pages={1124 - 1132}
African Americans are nearly three times as likely to be killed by police as whites. This paper examines whether this racial disparity is due in part to racial differences in the circumstances of police killings. To assess whether and how these circumstances predict the race of a decedent, I use machine learning techniques and a novel data set of police killings containing over 120 descriptors. I find that decedent characteristics, criminal activity, threat levels, police actions, and the… 
The effect of suspect race on police officers’ decisions to draw their weapons
Abstract Researchers are working to identify appropriate benchmarks for exploring racial bias in the officer-involved shooting (OIS) context. Two recent studies benchmarked OIS against incidents in
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A series of controversial police-involved killings and nationwide protests have recently reinvigorated the study of racial bias in policing. But a fractured interdisciplinary literature presents
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Warriors and Vigilantes as Police Officers: Evidence from a Field Experiment with Body-Cameras in Rio de Janeiro
We present the first randomized experiment on police body-cameras in a highviolence setting: Brazil. Camera assignment -regardless of whether police turned it on -reduced stop-and-searches and other
Testing Causal Theories with Learned Proxies
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An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force
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Everyday Risk Disparate Exposure and Racial Inequality in Police Violence
Scholarship on police violence has focused on identifying cognitive and psychological causes of implicit bias among police officers. This research strategy poses both analytic and policy problems.
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Use of Lethal Force by US Police, 2010-2014.
  • J. Buehler
  • Medicine, Law
    American journal of public health
  • 2017
Substantial racial/ethnic disparities in legal intervention deaths remain an ongoing problem in the United States.
Racial Context and Police Force Size: Evaluating the Empirical Validity of the Minority Threat Perspective1
Prior studies demonstrating a relationship between racial context and levels of crime control have not explicitly examined the factors that may account for this relationship. The authors advance the
Are African-American men, compared with white men, more likely to report being stopped by police for traffic law violations? Are African-American men and Hispanic drivers less likely to report that
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We propose an ecological dimension to racial profiling by comparing the distribution of drivers on the roadways with officers' proactive surveillance and stop behavior in a predominantly white
Methodological Challenges and Opportunities in Testing for Racial Discrimination in Policing
A large body of empirical research exists that attempts to determine whether or not police discriminate on the basis of race. We investigate whether the methods used typically produce valid
The police officer's dilemma: using ethnicity to disambiguate potentially threatening individuals.
Using a simple videogame, the effect of ethnicity on shoot/don't shoot decisions was examined and showed that the magnitude of bias varied with perceptions of the cultural stereotype and with levels of contact, but not with personal racial prejudice.
The Bias Is Built In: How Administrative Records Mask Racially Biased Policing
Researchers often lack the necessary data to credibly estimate racial discrimination in policing. In particular, police administrative records lack information on civilians police observe but do not