Lessons from monogenic causes of growth hormone deficiency.


Through the multicentric international GENHYPOPIT network, 10 transcription factor genes involved in pituitary development have been screened in more than 1200 patients with constitutional hypopituitarism over the past two decades. The present report summarizes the main lessons learned from this phenotype-based genetic screening: (1) genetically determined hypopituitarism does not necessarily present during childhood; (2) constitutional hypopituitarism may be characterized by a pure endocrine phenotype or by various combinations of endocrine deficits and visceral malformations; (3) syndromic hypopituitarism may also be observed in patients with POU1F1 or PROP1 mutations; (4) in cases of idiopathic hypopituitarism, extensive genetic screening identifies gene alterations in a minority of patients; (5) functional studies are imperfect in determining the involvement of an allelic variant in a specific pituitary phenotype.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ando.2017.04.001

Cite this paper

@article{Brue2017LessonsFM, title={Lessons from monogenic causes of growth hormone deficiency.}, author={Thierry Brue and Alexandru Saveanu and Nicolas Jullien and Teddy Fauquier and Frederic Castinetti and Alain Enjalbert and Anne Barlier and Rachel Reynaud}, journal={Annales d'endocrinologie}, year={2017}, volume={78 2}, pages={77-79} }