Lessons from a restricted Turing test

  title={Lessons from a restricted Turing test},
  author={Stuart M. Shieber},
  journal={Commun. ACM},
  • S. Shieber
  • Published 3 April 1994
  • Computer Science
  • Commun. ACM
We report on the recent Loebner prize competition inspired by Turing's test of intelligent behavior. The presentation covers the structure of the competition and the outcome of its first instantiation in an actual event, and an analysis of the purpose, design, and appropriateness of such a competition. We argue that the competition has no clear purpose, that its design prevents any useful outcome, and that such a competition is inappropriate given the current level of technology. We then… 

The Turing Test: Verbal Behavior as the Hallmark of Intelligence

This eagerly awaited anthology, while surely not the last word on the Turing Test, equally surely deserves to become the principal source of information on the test. It includes not only Turing’s

The Turing Test : The First Fifty Years

The present article chronicles the comments and controversy surrounding Turing’s classic article from its publication to the present, and predicts that the Turing Test will remain important, not only as a landmark in the history of the development of intelligent machines, but also with real relevance to future generations of people living in a world in which the cognitive capacities of machines will be vastly greater than they are now.

The Turing Test: the first 50 years

  • R. French
  • Computer Science
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 2000

How to Pass the Turing Test by Cheating

This paper will describe in detail how my computer programs work, and will make comparisons with similar computer programs such as ELIZA, and explain why the Loebner contest is doomed to failure.

Taking Turing Seriously (but Not Literally)

Recent results from present-day instantiations of the Turing test, most notably the annual Loebner Prize competition, have fueled the perception that the test has either already been passed or that

Turing Test: An Approach to Deflning Machine Intelligence

The Turing Test has been, and will continue to be, an influential as well as controversial topic of Artificial Intelligence.

A Minimal Turing Test

CHATTERBOTS, TINYMUDS, and the Turing Test: Entering the Loebner Prize Competition

The development of one such Turing System is described, including the technical design of the program and its performance on the first three Loebner Prize competitions, and its usefulness in furthering the development of Artificial Intelligence.

Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence*

The first test realizes a possibility that philosophers have overlooked: a test that uses a human's linguistic performance in setting an empirical test of intelligence, but does not make behavioral similarity to that performance the criterion of intelligence.

Beyond the Turing Test (Extended, original internal report)

The Turing Test as a practical test of intelligence should be left behind, and substituted by computational and factorial tests of different cognitive abilities, a much more useful approach for artificial intelligence progress and for many other intriguing questions that are presented beyond the Turing Test.



Subcognition and the Limits of the TuringTest

Alan Turing, in his original article' about an imitation-game definition of intelligence, seems to be making two separate claims. The first, the philosophical claim, is that if a machine could pass

The Quest for the Thinking Computer

The first large-scale implementation of the Turing Test was set in motion in 1985, with the first contest taking place in 1991 and showing that although conversational computer programs are still quite primitive, distinguishing a person from a computer when only brief conversations are permitted can be challenging.

What computers still can't do - a critique of artificial reason

For this edition of What Computers Can't Do, Hubert Dreyfus has added a lengthy new introduction outlining changes and assessing the paradigms of connectionism and neural networks that have transformed the field.

Brains and Programs

  • B. Meltzer
  • Philosophy
    International Computing Symposium
  • 1977
Only a machine could think, and only very special kinds of machines, namely brains and machines with internal causal powers equivalent to those of brains, and no program by itself is sufficient for thinking.

Minds, brains, and programs

  • J. Searle
  • Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1980
Only a machine could think, and only very special kinds of machines, namely brains and machines with internal causal powers equivalent to those of brains, and no program by itself is sufficient for thinking.

Computing Machinery and Intelligence

  • A. Turing
  • Philosophy
    The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence
  • 1950
The question, “Can machines think?” is considered, and the question is replaced by another, which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words.

Computer power and human reason

The book mentions some important concerns which are obscured by harsh and sometimes shrill accusations against the Artificial Intelligence research community, but it seems to me that the personal attacks distract and mislead the reader from more valuable abstract points.

Modeling a paranoid mind

  • K. Colby
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1981
Issues of underlying structural equivalence and the nature of generative pattern explanations are discussed in the light of the model's potential value in guiding clinicial decisions and intervention strategies in paranoid disorders.

Psychologism and Behaviorism

This paper makes two claims: first, psychologism is true, and thus a natural behaviorist analysis of intelligence that is incompatible with psychologicism is false, and the standard arguments against behaviorism are inadequate to defeat this natural behaviorists analysis of Intelligence or to establish Psychologism.


a chair, he was the very picture of dejection. His small head was hanging, an obstreperous tuft of the coarse, sandy hair standing defiantly upright on the crown of it; his complexion was sallow and