Lessons from John Graunt

  title={Lessons from John Graunt},
  author={Kenneth J. Rothman},
  journal={The Lancet},
  • K. Rothman
  • Published 6 January 1996
  • History
  • The Lancet

The growing rift between epidemiologists and their data

  • K. Rothman
  • Medicine
    European Journal of Epidemiology
  • 2017
Classic epidemiologic papers, such as those by Lane-Claypon early in the century, by Doll and Hill and Wynder and Graham at mid-century, and many others, continued the precedent set by Graunt and Snow, by offering detailed data for readers to evaluate.

Commentary: Is epidemiology really dead, anyway? A look back at Kenneth Rothman's 'The rise and fall of epidemiology, 1950-2000 AD'.

  • M. Coleman
  • Medicine
    International journal of epidemiology
  • 2007
1 Rothman KJ, Rothman D, Wildavsky A. Cancer Wars: How Politics Shapes What The authors Know and Don’t Know About.

Epidemiology's 350th Anniversary: 1662-2012.

In an extremely convulsed century, these profound and convergent upheavals produced the equivalent of a cultural big bang, which opened a new domain of knowledge acquisition based on population thinking and group comparisons.

From association to causation: some remarks on the history of statistics

Snow's work on cholera will be contrasted with modern studies that depend on statistical models and tests of significance, and examples may help to clarify the limits of current statistical techniques for making causal inferences from patterns of association.

John Graunt, Sir William Petty, and Swift's Modest Proposal

Many years ago George Wittkowsky demonstrated persuasively the relationship between early mercantilist writings concerning Irish poverty and Jonathan Swift’s devastating parody of those writings in A

A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts

This book discusses the changing assessments of John Snow's and William Farr's cholera studies and issues of causality in the history of occupational epidemiology.

U.S. burden of disease--past, present and future.

Differences in disease reporting: an analysis of state reportable conditions and their relationship to the nationally notifiable conditions list

Familiarity, ease of access, trust, and awareness of benefits and risks to minimize uncertainty, will all be important for the sustained support of existing and new influenza vaccination programmes.

Bayesian spatial and temporal epidemiology of non-communicable diseases and mortality

This work provides new epidemiological information on the geographic variation of acute myocardial infarctions, ischaemic stroke and parkinsonism in Finland, and the Bayesian ageperiod-cohort model is extended with versatile interactions and better prediction ability.



Natural and Political Observations Mentioned in a Following Index, and Made Upon the Bills of Mortality

In extracting from Graunt’s observations we have tried to give the reader a feel both for Graunt’s imaginativeness and tenacity and for the materials he had to work with. We include both of his

Exposure to Butadiene and Lymphatic and Hematopoietic Cancer

Overall, the epidemiologic evidence does not provide persuasive evidence that butadiene exposure causes LHC, and there is little evidence of an association with other forms of LHC among styrene-butadiene rubber workers.

Subcutaneous heparin compared with continuous intravenous heparin administration in the initial treatment of deep vein thrombosis. A meta-analysis.

The results of the meta-analysis indicated that heparin administered subcutaneously twice daily in the initial treatment of deep vein thrombosis is more effective and at least as safe as continuous intravenous Heparin administration.

Use of the Confidence Interval function

The usefulness of the CI function in demonstrating the concepts of effect modification and confounding, in meta-analysis, and in the comparison of various confidence interval procedures is evaluated.

Reflections on the Doctor's Anguish

  • P. Wros
  • Medicine
    Annals of Internal Medicine
  • 1993
Evidence suggests that nurses initially experience some of the same feelings as the authors express but may come to see this responsibility not as difficult or depressing, but as a caring act focused on the relief of suffering.

Beyond the confidence interval.

  • C. Poole
  • Medicine
    American journal of public health
  • 1987

Calculation Errors in Meta-Analysis

The overall odds ratio was recalculated and it was concluded that subcutaneous heparin is not more effective than intravenous Heparin, exactly opposite to that of Hommes and colleagues.

index, and made upon the Bills of Mortality. Facsimile edition

  • 1975

Editor ’ s response to Messori et al

  • Ann Intern Med
  • 1993