Leo Kanner (1894–1981): The man and the scientist

  title={Leo Kanner (1894–1981): The man and the scientist},
  author={Victor D. Sanua},
  journal={Child Psychiatry and Human Development},
  • V. D. Sanua
  • Published 1990
  • Psychology
  • Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Leo Kanner headed the first child psychiatry division within a pediatric hospital at Johns Hopkins University. In 1935 he wrote the first book in English of child psychiatry which is still in print. His writings include both organic and environmental etiologies. He was an idealist, and he fought for liberal causes and emphasized an humanitarian approach in dealing with autistic children. 

Leo Kanner’s Call for a Pediatric-Psychiatric Alliance

* Abbreviation: JHU — : Johns Hopkins University The “Menace of Psychiatry.”1 The title of pediatrician Joseph Brennemann’s 1931 article was inflammatory, and it was meant to be. Brennemann voiced

[Autism and autistic disorders. Historical and current aspects].

A historical review considers to what extent experimental psychopathological research can deepen the understanding of the disorder.

Is ADHD a disease?

t is indeed a great honor to be asked to remember a known pathogens. Disease concepts are best seen as man whose wisdom touched so many lives, including evolving tools, bootstrapping intellectual

Disturbances of the Mind

Introduction: not the Draaisma syndrome; the Cardan suspension of science; and a cup of tea for the doppelganger.

Tangled Roots and Ramifications: The Early Histories of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Reactive Attachment Disorder

This chapter provides a historical context and overview of a burgeoning mental health service crisis and public health problem. The diagnostic confusion between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and

Controversy: the creation of diagnostic “haves” and “have-nots,” an inadvertent cause of healthcare disparities among neurodevelopmental disabilities

This vignette illustrates the now ubiquitous phenomenon in the US healthcare system of families seeking ASD diagnoses to obtain needed services and of developmental and behavioral diagnosticians favoring ASD diagnosis to assist children and families to access services, even when available evidence does not support an ASD diagnosis.

Deficits in social skills and feeding behaviors associated with adults diagnosed with autistic disorder living in an institutionalized setting

Autistic disorder, a syndrome beginning in infancy and persisting into adulthood, has captured the attention of researchers and clinicians alike. Although this disorder has been studied since the

Autism and the perpetual puzzle: A rhetorical analysis of three explanations for autism

Autism and the Perpetual Puzzle: A Rhetorical Analysis of Three Explanations for Autism. (May 2009) Denise Marie Jodlowski, B.A. University of Iowa; M.A., Wake Forest University Co-Chairs of Advisory

Environmental risk factors for autism spectrum disorders

  • D. Rai
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 2013
This study found that associations of migration with autism varied by the geographical region of origin of the mother, by the human development of the region oforigin, and the timing of migration in relation to pregnancy, which highlighted the importance of considering environmental factors acting in utero in the pathways to autism.



Studies in the Childhood Psychoses I. Diagnostic Criteria and Classification

  • I. Kolvin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 1971
The importance of age of onset in the typologies or in their attempts at a more comprehensive classification of childhood psychoses is central to the present study and merits examination in greater detail.

IV. Parental Personality and Attitude and Childhood Psychoses

It is a common assumption in child psychiatry that the personality and attitudes of parents exert a fundamental influence on the developing child. This hypothesis merits careful examination. The

Follow-up study of eleven autistic children originally reported in 1943

  • L. Kanner
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and childhood schizophrenia
  • 1971
The destinies of the eleven children first reported in 1943 as suffering from autistic disturbances of affective contact are brought up to date and attention is called to the subsequent scientific studies of early infantile autism with ever-increasing facilities for research in nosology, biochemical and general systemic implication, and therapeutic amelioration.

Infantile autism and the schizophrenias.

  • L. Kanner
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Behavioral science
  • 1965
The Stanley R. Dean Research Award, given annually to an outstanding scientist for major contributions to basic research on schizophrenia, was awarded May 4 this year to Dr. Leo Kanner at the

Problems of nosology and psychodynamics of early infantile autism.

  • L. Kanner
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 1949
Now that early infantile autism has a well-defined symptomatology and the syndrome as such can be recognized with relative ease, it is ready to apply for a place in the existing psychiatric nosology.

Intellectuality in parents of psychotic, subnormal, and normal children

All parents of deviant children desired improvement in speech and relatedness, realistically deemphasizing intellectual achievement, and the latter emphasized academic success less in autistic than matched normals in their children.

Social Class and Mental Illness

Behavior and Development By RONALD C. JOHNSON, University of Hawaii; and GENE R. MEDINNUS, University of Denver. Emphasizes those antecedents to personality development which rest in the

The genetics, if any, of infantile autism and childhood schizophrenia

A critical examination of the data for and against genetic factors in early infantile autism and childhood schizophrenia is presented, finding no strong evidence exists implicating genetics in the development of childhood psychoses that begin before the age of 5.

Studies in the childhood psychoses. 3. The family and social background in childhood psychoses.

Boys were more often psychotic than girls; there was some suggestion of a greater risk to the first born in the I.P.O. group only.

Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)

In 1966, when an outpatient treatment program for autistic children and their families was initiated, there were two major sets of guidelines for diagnosing the children who were referred to the program, and the most promising at tempt to translate the Kanner definition into an empirical rating scale was the Rimland Checklist.