Lemur Diversity in Madagascar

  title={Lemur Diversity in Madagascar},
  author={Russell A. Mittermeier and J{\"o}rg U. Ganzhorn and William R. Konstant and Kenneth E. Glander and Ian Tattersall and Colin P. Groves and Anthony B. Rylands and Andreas Hapke and Jonah Ratsimbazafy and Mireya I. Mayor and Edward E. Louis and Yves Rumpler and Christoph Schwitzer and Rodin M. Rasoloarison},
  journal={International Journal of Primatology},
A basic understanding of the taxonomy, diversity, and distributions of primates is essential for their conservation. This review of the status of the taxonomy of lemurs is based on a 5-d workshop entitled “Primate Taxonomy for the New Millennium,” held at the Disney Institute, Orlando, Florida, in February 2000. The aim is not to present a taxonomic revision, but to review our current understanding of the diversity and current and past ranges of lemurs and indicate where there is controversy… 
The lemur diversity of the Fiherenana - Manombo Complex, southwest Madagascar
The cross-seasonal surveys revealed the presence of eight lemur species representing seven genera and four families, of which three are diurnal and five are nocturnal species, and the proposed extension of the protected area to include these riparian forests as well as other important habitats for locally endemic bird and reptile taxa is strongly supported.
An Alu-Based Phylogeny of Lemurs (Infraorder: Lemuriformes)
Strong support is demonstrated for the monophyly of Lemuriformes to the exclusion of other primates, with Daubentoniidae, the aye-aye, as the basal lineage within the infraorder.
Morphometrics confirm taxonomic deflation in dwarf lemurs (Primates: Cheirogaleidae), as suggested by genetics
This study revealed lower diversity and a lower number of distinct morphs of dwarf lemurs than previously postulated, and reassessed the currently accepted taxonomy of the genus Cheirogaleus by examining six external and 32 craniodental characters of 120 museum specimens and 36 new specimens from the field.
First indications of a highland specialist among mouse lemurs (Microcebus spp.) and evidence for a new mouse lemur species from eastern Madagascar
This study suggests that M. lehilahytsara may be the first highland specialist among all mouse lemurs, and proposes species status and includes a species description at the end.
Discovery of an island population of dwarf lemurs (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus) on Nosy Hara, far northern Madagascar
A new population of dwarf lemurs from Nosy Hara, a 312-ha island in far northern Madagascar, which constitutes the northernmost distribution record for the genus, may represent an undescribed taxon.
RESEARCH Imperilled phylogenetic endemism of Malagasy lemuriformes
Correlations of endemism and threat status with phylogenetic isolation are modest across lemurs and so are not substitutable conservation values, although they might best be integrated on the landscape using IPE.
Extinction and ecological retreat in a community of primates
This work uses radiocarbon and stable isotope data to examine temporal shifts in the niches of extant lemur species following the extinction of eight large-bodied species and develops an alternative hypothesis: ecological retreat, which suggests that factors surrounding extinction may force surviving species into marginal or previously unfilled niches.
Ecological Flexibility of the Southern Bamboo Lemur (Hapalemur meridionalis) in Southeast Madagascar
Whether the folivorous southern bamboo lemur (Hapalemur meridionalis) exhibits cathemeral activity is investigated, and which environmental factors influence its pattern is determined, suggesting this flexible activity pattern as an ancestral trait that likely dates to the origin of the Lemuridae radiation.
A case of a mouse lemur (Microcebus lehi- lahytsara) being inextricably entangled in a spider's web
Propithecus perrieri (Perrier’s sifaka) is one of the most endangered lemur species due to its small and fragmented distribution range. Despite a Critically Endangered (CR) conservation and flagship
The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini): An Annotated Taxonomy
The legacy of Hershkovitz is the cause of there currently being more species and subspecies of primates in the New World than in Africa or Asia, providing as he did the capacity to compare findings with what is known, both in terms of the physiognomy of the primates under scrutiny and their supposed distributions.


Systematics of the Lemuridae (Primates, Strepsirhini)
Taxonomic Revision of Mouse Lemurs (Microcebus) in the Western Portions of Madagascar
Seven species of Microcebus from western Madagascar are recognized, including a previously synonymized species, and 3 spp.
Lemurs of Madagascar and the Comoros: The Iucn Red Data Book
This volume provides the most comprehensive review available on the conservation status of lemurs. All lemurs of Madagascar are described and for each species a detailed account is provided with
Preliminary Study of the Conservation Status of Lemur Communities in the Betsakafandrika Region of Eastern
  • Environmental Science
  • 2007
Regions where lemur subspecies are sympatric or hybridize are of great interest to scientists and conservation authorities. If two subspecies of lemur are sympatric and do not interbreed, then both
A Composite Molecular Phylogeny of Living Lemuroid Primates
This analysis consolidates some of the nodes that were insecure in previous reconstructions, but is still equivocal on the placement of some taxa.
Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the sportive lemurs (Lepilemur, Primates)
The results support the classification of the eight major sportive lemur taxa as independent species and indicate further cryptic speciation events within L. ruficaudatus and L. dorsalis.
New Directions in Lemur Studies
The present and past distributions of lemurs in Madagascar, and the relationships to distribution of plant allelochemicals in different habitats of Madagascar, are studied.
A molecular approach to comparative phylogeography of extant Malagasy lemurs
Genetic data show no significant differentiation between Malagasy and Comorian populations of these species, supporting the interpretation that both were introduced only recently to the Comoro Islands.
The ever-increasing diversity in mouse lemurs: three new species in north and northwestern Madagascar.
Phylogeny and nomenclature in the "Lemur-group" of Malagasy strepsirhine primates
A quantitative parsimony analysis of craniodental characters of Varecia, Lemur catta, and the species of the "fulvus-complex" do indeed form a monophyletic group; but in view of the uncertainties that continue to surround relationships within this group it is strongly doubt that nomenclatural innovation is justified at this point.