Lek organization and mating strategies in the bullfrog

  title={Lek organization and mating strategies in the bullfrog},
  author={Stephen T. Emlen},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  • S. Emlen
  • Published 1 September 1976
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Summary1.The mating behavior of a dense population of bullfrogs (Rana catesbaiana) in central Michigan was studied intensively for two summers. Frogs were measured to allow age estimation and marked with waistbands for individual identification.2.Bullfrog breeding was typified by a long mating season in which males arrived in late May or early June (preceding the females) and remained sexually active well into July. In the evenings, the males congregated into choruses. The enhanced (pooled… 

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