Leishmaniasis in Sardinia. I. Observations on a larval breeding site of Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phlebotomus perfiliewi perfiliewi and Sergentomyia minuta (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the canine leishmaniasis focus of Soleminis (Cagliari).

  title={Leishmaniasis in Sardinia. I. Observations on a larval breeding site of Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phlebotomus perfiliewi perfiliewi and Sergentomyia minuta (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the canine leishmaniasis focus of Soleminis (Cagliari).},
  author={S. Bettini and C. Contini and M. Atzeni and G. Tocco},
  journal={Annals of tropical medicine and parasitology},
  volume={80 3},
During the summer-autumn period of 1983 and 1984, 1408 specimens of Phlebotomus perniciosus, 74 of P. perfiliewi perfiliewi and 35 of Sergentomyia minuta were caught in emergence traps in a locality close to the village of Soleminis, a canine leishmaniasis focus 15 km from Cagliari, Sardinia. All the flies were collected from a breeding site inside an abandoned cement building. Male flies were highly predominant for all three species. A few larvae of P. perniciosus were also collected from the… Expand
Mapping the main Leishmania phlebotomine vector in the endemic focus of the Mt. Vesuvius in southern Italy.
The predominance of green vegetated environments in the coastal side, in contrast with the predomination of artificial surfaces in the Apennine side, could be responsible for the different P. perniciosus densities between the two surveyed areas. Expand
Distribution and Dispersal of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Focus, the Northern Negev, Israel
The overall results indicate the presence of dense and mobile sand fly populations in the study area, and supported previous findings that P. papatasi like P. ariasi, can have a relatively long flight range and does not always stay near breeding sites. Expand
Peridomiciliary breeding sites of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in an endemic area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in southeastern Brazil.
The occurrence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in areas modified by humans indicates that phlebotomine sand fly vectors breed close to human habitations, providing evidence that the domiciliary ACL transmission cycle might be maintained by phle botomines that Breed close toHuman habitations. Expand
Study on natural breeding sites of sand flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in areas of Leishmania transmission in Colombia
Immature phlebotomine sand flies of the genus Lutzomyia in Colombia can be found in a wide variety of breeding sites rich in organic matter, high relative humidity and are associated with a typical vegetation of each locality. Expand
Larval Breeding Sites of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Visceral Leishmaniasis Endemic Urban Areas in Southeastern Brazil
Results indicate that chicken sheds are the preferential breeding site for L. longipalpis in the present study areas and control measures targeting the immature stages in chicken sheds could have a great effect on reducing the number of adult flies and consequently the transmission rate of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi. Expand
Leishmaniasis in Sardinia. III. Soil analysis of a breeding site of three species of sandflies
Soil texture, pH, CaCo3, organic matter and water content showed no correlation with the number of sandflies that emerged from the places where soil samples were taken, suggesting that pre‐imaginal stages of these phlebotomine sandflies are associated with a relatively stable, cool and humid environment. Expand
Phlebotomine Sand Flies: Biology and Control
Of approximately 800 species or subspecies of phlebotomine sand flies, 80 are proven or probable vectors of the 22 species of Leishmania that cause human disease (Tables 1 and 2). In some foci ofExpand
Natural breeding places of phlebotomine sandflies
Methods of finding larvae and pupae of phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) are described and the known types of breeding sites used by sandflies are listed and the proven or suspected vectors of leishmaniases are identified. Expand
Testing insecticide susceptibility of Phlebotomus perniciosus and P. papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Italy.
The results showed that two Italian populations of P. perniciosus and P. papatasi from Campania region and from Rome, respectively, are susceptible to the insecticides tested as compared with the reference strain used. Expand
Phenology and host preferences Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in a focus of Toscana virus (TOSV) in South of France.
Data presented confirm that sand flies easily adapted to the periurban sites like, P. perniciosus may represent a public health concern for pathogen transmission in similar Mediterranean environments. Expand


[Ecology of a focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Thiès region (Senegal, West Africa). 4. Spontaneous infestation and biology of Phlebotomus duboscqi Neveu-Lemaire 1906].
The authors study the sandfly fauna and find the species Phlebotomus duboscqi is abundant and located inside the rodent burrows which have been found to be their larval breeding sites. Expand
Leishmaniasis in Tuscany (Italy): (I) An investigation on phlebotomine sandflies in Grosseto Province.
  • M. Maroli, S. Bettini
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • 1977
A survey of phlebotomines has been made in the area of the Province of Grosseto (Tuscany, Italy) where human cases of both visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis have recently occurred, and P. perfiliewi is strongly suspected of playing a role in transmission of the cutaneous form in the third group of localities. Expand
Bioecologic aspects of Phlebotomine sandflies in relation to human and canine visceral leishmaniasis in northern Tunisia.
In northern Tunisia 29 sandfly collecting places were studied for two years, in five human leishmaniasis foci, seven canine foci and in the nature, where P. perniciosus, the well known vector of visceral leish maniasis and the herpetophile S. minuta parroti were commonest. Expand
Diapause and laboratory breeding of Phlebotomus perniciosus Newstead and Phlebotomus ariasi Tonnoir (Diptera: Psychodidae) from southern France
Observations are reported on diapause and laboratory breeding of Phlebotomus perniciosus Newst. and P. ariasi Tonnoir, the two phlebotomine sandflies incriminated as vectors of visceral leishmaniasisExpand
Zoonoses as a Study in Ecology
The zoonoses can be divided into two main groups: those transmitted by arthropods, and those which are not; only the first group is considered in this paper. Expand
Les Phlébotomes de Tunisie (Diptera, Phlebotomidae). Mise au point systématique, chorologique et éthologique
Un essai de synthese biogeographique met en evidence la liaison entre les foyers de leishmaniose viscerale and les zones couvertes par les representants du sous-genre Larroussius. Expand
Laboratory colonization of Phlebotomus perfiliewi (Parrot)
  • M. Maroli
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • 1983
The use of Macfadyen's technique for the collection of sand-fly larvae.