Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreaks and Cooling Towers, New York City, New York, USA

  title={Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreaks and Cooling Towers, New York City, New York, USA},
  author={Robert Fitzhenry and Don Weiss and D Cimini and Sharon Balter and Christopher Boyd and Lisa Alleyne and Ren{\'e}e V. Stewart and Natasha Mcintosh and Andrea Econome and Ying Chao Lin and Inessa Rubinstein and Teresa Passaretti and Anna Kidney and Pascal Lapierre and Daniel E. Kass and Jay K Varma},
  booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases},
The incidence of Legionnaires' disease in the United States has been increasing since 2000. Outbreaks and clusters are associated with decorative, recreational, domestic, and industrial water systems, with the largest outbreaks being caused by cooling towers. Since 2006, 6 community-associated Legionnaires' disease outbreaks have occurred in New York City, resulting in 213 cases and 18 deaths. Three outbreaks occurred in 2015, including the largest on record (138 cases). Three outbreaks were… CONTINUE READING
Twitter Mentions

Tables and Topics from this paper.


Publications referenced by this paper.

A space-time permutation scan statistic for disease outbreak Emerging Infectious Diseases

M Kulldorff, R Heffernan, J Hartman, R Assunção, F. Mostashari
  • www.cdc.gov/eid • Vol. 23,
  • 2017

and Field Services Program

HIV Epidemiolog
  • HIV surveillance annual report, 2014. New York: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene;
  • 2015

A large community outbreak of Legionnaires disease in Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal, October to November 2014.

  • Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
  • 2014