Legal ivory trade in a corrupt world and its impact on African elephant populations

@article{Bennett2015LegalIT,
  title={Legal ivory trade in a corrupt world and its impact on African elephant populations},
  author={Elizabeth L. Bennett},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  year={2015},
  volume={29}
}
  • E. Bennett
  • Published 1 February 2015
  • Economics
  • Conservation Biology
Illegal hunting of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) for ivory is causing rapid declines in their populations. Since 2007, illegal ivory trade has more than doubled. African elephants are facing the most serious conservation crisis since 1989, when international trade was banned. One solution proposed is establishment of a controlled legal trade in ivory. High prices for ivory mean that the incentives to obtain large quantities are high, but the quantity of tusks available for trade are… 

Elephant conservation and corruption beyond the ivory trade

It is argued that corruption potentially undermines every aspect of elephant conservation and there is no evidence that any approach is more or less susceptible, so the long-term future of elephants requires conservationists to learn lessons from other sectors to understand and tackle this problem.

Compliance with ivory trade regulations in the United Kingdom among traders

The utility of conservation criminology to improve wildlife trade regulations and identify opportunities to reduce illegal ivory entering the market in the United Kingdom are demonstrated.

Conserving elephants depend on a total ban of ivory trade globally

Despite the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) 1989 ban on trading ivory internationally, poaching for ivory has intensified in both Africa and Asia. Populations of

The complex policy issue of elephant ivory stockpile management

It is recommended that governments move closer toward consensus on a long-term vision for elephant and ivory management before undertaking measures such as stockpile destruction, and that existing ivory stockpiles should be retained securely to reduce incentives for criminal speculation on illegally accumulated stockpiles.

Use of Dichotomous Ivory Stockpile Management Strategies by African Elephant Range States: A Threat to Effectively Combatting the Illegal Ivory Trade

The growing illegal wildlife trade, including the illegal trade of elephant ivory, has damaging ecological, social, economic, political, and health impacts. The growing transnational illicit ivory

Poacher-population dynamics when legal trade of naturally deceased organisms funds anti-poaching enforcement.

Disguising Elephant Ivory as Other Materials in the Online Trade

Despite efforts of law enforcement, tech companies and other stakeholders, the illegal online trade in wildlife products continues to increase. A particular problem in tackling this online illicit
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 76 REFERENCES

Combating the Illegal Trade in African Elephant Ivory with DNA Forensics

New DNA assignment methods that can determine the geographic origin(s) of wildlife products from anywhere within its range were applied, which indicates that crime syndicates are targeting specific populations for intense exploitation.

Consequences of legal ivory trade.

It is believed that both no sales and “one-off ” sales are harmful for elephant conservation and, given sufficient institutional support and political will, a normalized legal ivory trade would save elephant lives.

Elephants, Ivory, and Trade

The petitions highlight the controversy surrounding ivory trade and broader issues underlying CITES trade decisions and must place science over politics.

Devastating Decline of Forest Elephants in Central Africa

Analysis of the largest survey dataset ever assembled for forest elephants revealed that population size declined by ca.

THE ELEPHANT TRADE INFORMATION SYSTEM (ETIS) AND THE ILLICIT TRADE IN IVORY

The first analytical results from ETIS were presented at the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP12) in Santiago, Chile in November 2002 (Milliken et al., 2002a, b, c). The major

BANKING ON EXTINCTION: IVORY STORAGE AND ELEPHANT CONSERVATION

Ivory poachers threaten the half million remaining African elephants. In response, Kremer and Morcom (2000) offer a novel solution to reduce the risk of extinction -- a local government can stockpile

Another inconvenient truth: the failure of enforcement systems to save charismatic species

Abstract In spite of significant recent advances in understanding how to conserve species we are failing to conserve some of the most beloved and charismatic, with severe population losses, shrinking

Dissecting the Illegal Ivory Trade: An Analysis of Ivory Seizures Data

A new modelling framework is developed to provide quantitative evidence on trends in the illegal ivory trade from seizures data by identifying proxy variables that describe the variability in seizure and reporting rates between countries and over time and produced bias-adjusted smoothed estimates of relative trends.

Killing for Profit : Exposing the Illegal Rhino Horn Trade Ed. 1

A terrifying true story of greed, corruption, depravity and ruthless criminal enterprise ? On the black markets of Southeast Asia, rhino horn is worth more than gold, cocaine and heroin. This is the

Banking on extinction: endangered species and speculation

Many wildlife commodities, such as tiger bones, bear bladders, ivory, and rhino horn, have been stockpiled in large quantities by speculators who expect that future price increases justify forgoing
...