• Corpus ID: 149450183

Legacies, Coercion and Soft Power: Russian Influence in the Baltic States

  title={Legacies, Coercion and Soft Power: Russian Influence in the Baltic States},
  author={Agnia Grigas},
Introduction With the entry of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (‘the Baltics’) into the EU and NATO in 2004, Russian influence in the Baltic region appeared greatly diminished. The fact that Tallinn, Riga and Vilnius still perceive it as a potential threat to their economies, energy sectors and societies is often surprising to outsiders. Some may argue that it is only natural for Russia, like any country, to seek influence in its neighbouring states, particularly ones with which it has a common… 
Russian Soft Power in the Baltics: In the Frameworks of Neoliberalism
Soft power, an international relations concept coined by Joseph Nye, has been used by the Russian Federation to change the political behavior of the Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. To
Russian soft power in the Baltic States through the lens of research: traditions, competition, confrontation
In this article, we aim to analyse the research discourse in the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) as regards Russian soft power, which is considered as hard power, and to compare the
Vladimir Putin’s Aspiration to Restore the Lost Russian Empire
In this article, I argue that the Russian leader, Vladimir Putin, by his political actions in Eastern Europe, the Baltic States and Central Asian countries, and his current actions in Ukraine,
The Baltic States’ Relations with Russia
The Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) have had cold relations with Russia since they were under the control of tsarist Russia. After about only 20 years of independence, the Baltic
Forced Attraction?
The “Bolotnaya” protests of 2011–2013 and the ongoing Ukraine crisis have brought to the forefront of Russian politics an increased preoccupation with soft power. Official discourse and directives
Liberalism and geopolitics in EU–Russia relations: rereading the “Baltic factor”
ABSTRACT Contrary to some expectations, the Baltic states’ accession to the EU in 2004 was not followed by an improvement in their relations with Russia. Instead, the Baltic states became known as
The Russians Are Coming : An Analysis of Russian-Baltic Energy Relations
The Baltic region is one of the world’s potential hot zones, where NATO forces could come into contact with Russian troops. Latvia and Estonia are home to significant ethnic Russian minorities whose
Antidiplomacy in Russia’s policies regarding russian-speakers in the baltic states
Abstract Though Russia is a classic realist power, Russia, as its recent actions in Ukraine reveal, frequently prefers hard power to powers of attraction. In addition to traditional economic pressure
Re-framing Russia’s soft power in post-accession Latvia: education reform and naturalization for stateless children
ABSTRACT Russia declared itself the protector of Russian-speakers living in former Soviet Republics in the early 1990s and utilized a variety of hard and soft power mechanisms to influence