Left superior vena cava persistence in patients undergoing pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator implantation: a 10-year experience.

@article{Biffi2001LeftSV,
  title={Left superior vena cava persistence in patients undergoing pacemaker or cardioverter-defibrillator implantation: a 10-year experience.},
  author={Mauro Biffi and Giuseppe Boriani and Lorenzo Frabetti and Gabriele Bronzetti and Angelo Branzi},
  journal={Chest},
  year={2001},
  volume={120 1},
  pages={139-44}
}
OBJECTIVE The persistence of a left superior vena cava (LSVC) has been observed in 0.3% of the general population as established by autopsy. In the adult population, it is an important anatomic finding if a left superior approach to the heart is considered. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of a LSVC in patients undergoing pacemaker (PM) and cardioverter-defibrillator (CD) implantation. DESIGN We observed the prevalence of LSVC during a 10-year period; each patient… CONTINUE READING

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