Left-sided inferior vena cava. Report of a case occasionally encountered while performing an aorto bifemoral bypass and review of the literature.


We present a case of left-sided inferior vena cava unexpectedly observed during an operation of aorto bifemoral bypass in a patient with severe Leriche syndrome and almost complete obstruction of the infrarenal aorta. This very rare congenital malformation (0.2-0.5%) was not recognized by the duplex scanner performed preoperatively, probably because of the… (More)


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