Left-sided and duplicate inferior vena cava: a case series and review.

@article{Ang2013LeftsidedAD,
  title={Left-sided and duplicate inferior vena cava: a case series and review.},
  author={Wee Choen Ang and Terry Doyle and Mark David Stringer},
  journal={Clinical anatomy},
  year={2013},
  volume={26 8},
  pages={990-1001}
}
Left-sided and duplicate inferior vena cava (IVC) are two major anatomical variants within the spectrum of IVC malformations, both of which are developmental abnormalities of the supracardinal veins. Four clinical cases are described to highlight the computed tomographic appearances of these vascular malformations and provide novel data on venous dimensions. A systematic review of the recent literature (2000-2011) was conducted focusing on the anatomy, demographics, and associated pathology… CONTINUE READING