Left atrial hypertrophy (LAH) was noted from the electrocardiograms of 72 of 98 adult patients (81%) who underwent hemodynamic evaluation of calcified aortostenosis (CAS). The relations between LAH and clinical, echographic and hemodynamic findings are specified. The frequency of LAH was not higher in cases of a history of hypertension, angina pectoris, lipothymia or exercise-induced syncope. In contrast, dyspnea was more frequently associated with LAH (84%) than not (17%). An approximately linear relation was seen between LAH and the mean pulmonary capillary pressure, the mean rate of circumferential decrease (RCF), the coefficient of muscle rigidity (ks of Mirsky), the left ventricular mass (LVM) and the left ventricle-aorta gradient. LAH is, therefore, a frequent sign in patients presenting CAS. Its origin is multifactorial, with a predominance of increased mean capillary pressure in cases of clinical signs of poor safety.