Left Ventricular Size and Function in Elite Bodybuilders Using Anabolic Steroids

  title={Left Ventricular Size and Function in Elite Bodybuilders Using Anabolic Steroids},
  author={Rob D. Dickerman and Frederick A. Schaller and N. Y. Zachariah and W. J. McConathy},
  journal={Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine},
ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between resistance training, anabolic steroid use, and left ventricular function. DesignSixteen competitive bodybuilders were recruited for an echocardiography study. SettingUniversity of North Texas Health Science Center (Fort Worth, TX, U.S.A.); the cardiologist and technician were blinded as to subject' drug status. SubjectsEight competitive heavyweight drug-free (DF) bodybuilders and eight competitive heavyweight bodybuilders on self-directed… 
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