Left Retrocaval Ureter around the Ipsilateral Limb of a Double Caudal Vena Cava in a Cat.


Necropsy examination of an adult neutered male cat, which was humanely destroyed as it had feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection, demonstrated the presence of a left retrocaval ureter that was entrapped around the left limb of a double caudal vena cava. These associated anomalies originate from the complex embryofetal development of the caudal vena… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcpa.2015.01.010