Lee Robins' studies of heroin use among US Vietnam veterans

  title={Lee Robins' studies of heroin use among US Vietnam veterans},
  author={Wayne D. Hall and Megan Weier},
The work of Robins and her colleagues on heroin addiction among Vietnam veterans sets out in microcosm many of the key factors that play out in the development and maintenance of substance addiction beyond the pharmacology of the drug: price, availability, the process of delivery of the addictive substance, availability of other substances, social norms, education and life circumstances. Robins' studies found high rates of heroin use (34%) and symptoms of heroin dependence (20%) among US… 

Self-managing illicit stimulant use: A qualitative study with patients receiving injectable opioid agonist treatment.

For patients with opioid use disorder and concurrent stimulant use disorder, access to iOAT can promote the self-management of illicit stimulants, and Interventions can be guided by patients, recognising them as experts in the management of their stimulants.

The future of the international drug control system and national drug prohibitions

  • W. Hall
  • Political Science
  • 2018
It is argued that a major risk of cannabis legalization in the United States is promotion of heavy use and increased harm by a weakly regulated industry, and that it is unclear what the best approach is to reducing possible harms that may arise from the use of new psychoactive substances.

Rat Park: How a rat paradise changed the narrative of addiction

'Rat Park' is the name given to a series of studies undertaken in the late 1970s by Bruce K. Alexander and colleagues. They found that rats housed in enriched environments consumed less morphine

Global Changes and Factors of Increase in Caloric/Salty Food Intake, Screen Use, and Substance Use During the Early COVID-19 Containment Phase in the General Population in France: Survey Study (Preprint)

The early phase of COVID-19 containment in France led to widespread increases in addiction-related habits in the general population, and global changes were described and factors of increase were explored using population-weighted and adjusted logistic regression models.

Global Changes and Factors of Increase in Caloric/Salty Food Intake, Screen Use, and Substance Use During the Early COVID-19 Containment Phase in the General Population in France: Survey Study

The early phase of COVID-19 containment in France led to widespread increases in addiction-related habits in the general population, and reduced well-being scores and increased stress were general factors of increase.

Cannabis based medicines and cannabis dependence: A critical review of issues and evidence

A narrative review of the current research to discern if, how and to what extent, concerns about problems of dependence in recreational cannabis users apply to prescribed medical users and seven recommendations for increasing the safety of medical cannabis prescribing are drawn out.

Abordaje psicológico del COVID-19: una revisión narrativa de la experiencia latinoamericana

Hernán Scholten , Vanetza Quezada-Scholz , Gonzalo Salas , Nicol A. Barria-Asenjo , Claudio Rojas-Jara , Rodrigo Molina , José E. García , María Teresa Julia Jorquera , Arturo Marinero Heredia , Alba

Processes and patterns of cocaine use among patients receiving injectable opioids for the treatment of opioid use disorder : a multi-method study

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Drogen und Geschlecht

  • I. Vogt
  • Handbuch Drogen in sozial- und kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive
  • 2018
Geschlecht ist ein komplexer Begriff, der sich heute einer einfachen Definition entzieht. Zur Differenzierung zwischen Mann/Frau kommt die – inhaltlich etwas unscharfe – Kategorie Transgender dazu.

Trauma and Alcohol/Substance Use: The Role of Self-regulation Flexibility

Despite a high comorbidity rate between trauma/PTSD and problematic alcohol/substance use, there is only a small body of work investigating moderators and mediators in this relationship. Few studies



The sixth Thomas James Okey Memorial Lecture. Vietnam veterans' rapid recovery from heroin addiction: a fluke or normal expectation?

The surprisingly low levels of readdiction and the rarity of addiction to narcotics alone as compared with poly-substance dependence are findings still not entirely incorporated into public and scientific views of heroin addiction.

Heroin use in Vietnam and the united States. A contrast and a critique.

  • N. Zinberg
  • Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1972
Heroin use by American soldiers in Vietnam differs significantly from heroin use in the United States because users are members of small heroin-taking groups who are disillusioned with the "non-war" and the Army in contrast to the "loner" user in theUnited States.

Narcotic use in southeast Asia and afterward. An interview study of 898 Vietnam returnees.

Results indicate that before arrival, hard drug use was largely casual, and less than 1% had ever been addicted to narcotics, and after return, usage and addiction essentially decreased to pre-Vietnam levels.

A follow-up of vietnam drug users: origins and context of Lee Robins' classic study.

  • J. Jaffe
  • Psychology
    The American journal on addictions
  • 2010
This collection of papers, devoted to an appreciation of the landmark studies of heroin addiction conducted by Lee N. Robins and her co-workers in the early 1970s, is timely. Lee Robins died on

Antecedents of narcotic use and addiction. A study of 898 Vietnam veterans.

Vietnam veterans three years after Vietnam: how our study changed our view of heroin.

This entry is the authors' account of a collected by Drug and Alcohol Findings, intended to convey the findings and views expressed in the .

Drinking amid abundant illicit drugs. The Vietnam case.

Alcholism predictors included: becoming intoxicated at an early age; dropping out of school; truancy and expulsion from school; and having a father with a history of alcoholism or arrests.

A follow-up study of 200 narcotic addicts committed for treatment under the narcotic addict rehabilitation act (NARA).

It was found that, if relapse is defined as any re-use of narcotics, the observed relapse rate of 87 per cent is equivalent to the 80–90 per cent relapse rates reported in other studies, indicating that Winick's hypothesis cannot be completely rejected.

The contribution of research to Australian policy responses to heroin dependence 1990-2001: a personal retrospection.

  • W. Hall
  • Political Science
  • 2004
Collaborative research on heroin dependence that was undertaken between 1991 and 2001 by researchers at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre is described and the contribution that this research may have made to the formulation of policies towards the treatment of heroin dependence is discussed.

Evaluating explanations of the Australian 'heroin shortage'.

The Australian heroin shortage in 2001 was due probably to a combination of factors that included increased effectiveness of law enforcement efforts to disrupt networks bringing large shipments of heroin from traditional source countries, and decreased capacity or willingness of major traffickers to continue large scale shipments to Australia.