Leather-like material biofabrication using fungi

  title={Leather-like material biofabrication using fungi},
  author={Mitchell P. Jones and Antoni Gandia and Sabu John and Alexander Bismarck},
  journal={Nature Sustainability},
Fungi-derived leather substitutes are an emerging class of ethically and environmentally responsible fabrics that are increasingly meeting consumer aesthetic and functional expectations and winning favour as an alternative to bovine and synthetic leathers. While traditional leather and its alternatives are sourced from animals and synthetic polymers, these renewable sustainable leather substitutes are obtained through the upcycling of low-cost agricultural and forestry by-products into… 
Mycofabrication of Mycelium-Based Leather from Brown-Rot Fungi
Sustainable substitutes for leather can be made from mushroom mycelium, which is an environmentally friendly alternative to animal and synthetic leather. Mycelium-based leather is derived from
Comparison of the Technical Performance of Leather, Artificial Leather, and Trendy Alternatives
The market for biogenic and synthetic alternatives to leather is increasing aiming to replace animal-based materials with vegan alternatives. In parallel, bio-based raw materials should be used
Extrusion-based additive manufacturing of fungal-based composite materials using the tinder fungus Fomes fomentarius
The application of mycelium obtained from the tinder fungus F. fomentarius for an extrusion-based additive manufacturing approach to fabricate customized light-weight 3D objects holds great promise for developing light- Weight, stable, and porous fungal-based materials that could replace expanded polystyrene produced from fossil resources.
Establishment of the basidiomycete Fomes fomentarius for the production of composite materials
Background Filamentous fungi of the phylum Basidiomycota are considered as an attractive source for the biotechnological production of composite materials. The ability of many basidiomycetes to
Grow it yourself composites: delignification and hybridisation of lignocellulosic material using animals and fungi
We hybridised lignocellulose microfibres with a fungal derived nanoscale chitin-β-glucan network produce hydrophobic papers with improved tensile properties.
Mycelium-based composites (MBC) are biomaterials presenting renewable and bio-degradable alternatives for a wide range of design and manufacturing processes, including the building industry. MBC
Living mycelium composites discern weights
This work investigates how large blocks of substrates colonised with mycelium of Ganoderma resinaceum respond to stimulation with heavy weights and shows that ON and OFF stimuli can be discriminated by the livingMycelium composites and that a habituation to the stimulation occurs.
Current state and future prospects of pure mycelium materials
This primer introduces pure mycelium materials, frame different production methods, review existing and potential future applications, thereby offering a vision on future advances for this emerging fungi-based technology.
Mycelial Beehives of HIVEOPOLIS: Designing and Building Therapeutic Inner Nest Environments for Honeybees
The HIVEOPOLIS project aims to diversify and complexify urban ecological niches to make them more resilient to future game changers such as climate change, and the combined functions of mycelium materials have the potential to provide a therapeutic environment for honeybees and, potentially, humans in the future.


Mycelium composites: A review of engineering characteristics and growth kinetics
Mycelium composites comprise of networks of filamentous hyphae, utilising biological growth rather than expensive energy intensive manufacturing processes to convert low-cost organic wastes into
Assessment of Edible Fungi and Films Bio-Based Material Simulating Expanded Polystyrene
Expanded polystyrene (EPS) contains benzene and styrene, posing a risk to human health. Research objective was to create and evaluate a bio-based material that mimics EPS physical and mechanical
Waste-derived Low-cost Mycelium Nanopapers with Tunable Mechanical and Surface Properties.
This study characterised polymer extracts and nanopapers produced from a common mushroom reference and various species of fungal mycelium grown on the sugarcane by-product molasses to enable their use in a wide range of applications including coatings, membranes, packaging and paper.
Mechanical, physical and chemical characterisation of mycelium-based composites with different types of lignocellulosic substrates
Experimental results show that mycelium-composites can fulfil the requirements of thermal insulation and have the potential to replace fosile-based composites.
Nanomaterials Derived from Fungal Sources—Is It the New Hype?
This Perspective presents a thorough overview of chitin-related materials research with an analytical focus on nanocomposites and nanopapers, highlighting the use of fungal chit in that represents several advantages over the more popular crustacean sources, particularly in terms of nanofiber isolation from the native matrix.
Crab vs. Mushroom: A Review of Crustacean and Fungal Chitin in Wound Treatment
This review investigates the proven biomedical properties of both fungal- and crustacean-derived chitin and chitosan, their healing mechanisms, and their potential to advance modern wound-treatment methods through further research and practical application.
Biodegradable Mushroom-based Transparent Paper
There is growing interest towards biopolymerbased nanofibres due to its superior mechanical properties and environmentally friendly functions. Chitin nanofibres may be of interest as a component for
Mycelial paper: A potential resource recovery process?
Eleven species of fungi representative of a broad range of cell‐wall compositions were evaluated with respect to their papermaking potential as additives to woodpulp furnishes. Some of these species
Advanced Materials From Fungal Mycelium: Fabrication and Tuning of Physical Properties
A new category of self-growing, fibrous, natural composite materials with controlled physical properties that can be produced in large quantities and over wide areas, based on mycelium, the main body of fungi, is presented.