Learning to Stand Alone: The Contemporary American Transition to Adulthood in Cultural and Historical Context

@article{Arnett1998LearningTS,
  title={Learning to Stand Alone: The Contemporary American Transition to Adulthood in Cultural and Historical Context},
  author={Jeffrey Jensen Arnett},
  journal={Human Development},
  year={1998},
  volume={41},
  pages={295 - 315}
}
  • J. Arnett
  • Published 1 December 1998
  • Psychology
  • Human Development
Conceptions of the transition to adulthood in the contemporary American majority culture are examined, and compared to conceptions cross-culturally and historically. Perspectives from other places and times are presented first, indicating that there is a widespread view that the transition to adulthood involves the gradual development of character qualities such as impulse control and diligence but culminates in marriage as the ultimate marker of the transition to adulthood. Findings from… 

Young People's Conceptions of the Transition to Adulthood

Conceptions of the transition to adulthood were examined using data from 346 college students aged 18-23 and 140 21 - to 28-year-olds. Participants indicated the characteristics necessary for a

Conceptualising Adulthood in the Transition Society Context – The Case of Estonia

The paper focuses on the conception of adulthood in post-communist Estonia, a society that has undergone vast structural, institutional and cultural changes. To this end, 179 essays written by high

13 Globalization and Cultural Identity

This chapter starts by presenting quantitative and qualitative findings to illustrate how adolescents and emerging adults increasingly have exposure to different cultures and a global world. One

Emerging Adulthood in Mexican and Spanish Youth

A delay in the end of the adolescent period, and hence the onset of common adult roles, is a trend in most of today's Western industrialized societies. Related to this fact, in recent years emerging

Adolescence as Cultural Toolkit: High School Debate and the Repertoires of Childhood and Adulthood

Although adolescence was once treated as a distinct stage of development with distinctive behaviors, values, and beliefs, this model, in its strong form, has increasingly been discarded.

Culture: Opening Paths, Creating Detours

Culture influences the navigation process during emerging and young adulthood, including its duration. Not a monolithic or static entity, global, and local cultural developments affect emerging and

Constructing Adulthood

In modern industrialized societies, young people face an extended period of unprecedented freedom, and challenges, en route to fully adult roles. Using the Markers of Adulthood Scale, I explore the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES

Adolescence terminable and interminable: When does adolescence end?

The question of when adolescence ends and young adulthood begins is considered. Throughout, it is addressed in terms of the theory of broad and narrow socialization, which emphasizes the cultural

Are college students adults? Their conceptions of the transition to adulthood

College students (N=346) were surveyed on their conceptions of the transition to adulthood and their own status as adults. Only 23% indicated that they considered themselves to have reached

Rites of Passage: Adolescence in America, 1790 to the Present

Although adolescence was hardly recognized as a crucial life stage or social problem before 1900, Kett has assembled a wealth of information about the schooling, work, family relationships, and

Different habits, different hearts: The moral languages of the culture war

Bellah et al. (1985) argue that middle-class Americans have wholeheartedly adopted a moral language of individualism. However, Hunter's (1991) description of the “culture war” suggests that moral

FROM OBEDIENCE TO AUTONOMY CHANGES IN TRAITS DESIRED IN CHILDREN, 1924–1978

This paper presents results from a comparison of data on the traits desired in children from the Lynds' studies of Muncie (Middletown), Indiana, in the 1920s with similar data collected in a 1978

Adolescents becoming adults: attributes for adulthood.

Analysis indicated that respondents who perceived that adulthood occurred at younger ages had higher levels of self-esteem, and implications of the consequences of adulthood attributes and beliefs for current and later life adjustment are discussed.

Broad and narrow socialization: The family in the context of a cultural theory.

The theory of broad and narrow socialization is described, with a particular emphasis on placing family socialization in its cultural context. In cultures characterized by broad socialization,

Taure'are‘a: A Liminal Category and Passage to Marques an Adulthood

This paper is a contribution to a general understanding of transition in social life and personal experience. Studies of ritual transition are well advanced; a broader understanding demands that

Children of Different Worlds: The Formation of Social Behavior

The culmination of twenty years of research, this book is a cross-cultural exploration of the ways in which age, gender, and culture affect the development of social behavior in children. The authors

Culture's influence in Japanese and American maternal role perception and confidence.

Given the contrasting historical circumstances, substantial difference between present Japanese and American perceptions of the maternal role, and in the degree of a woman's confidence in taking the paternal role for the first time, could be expected.