Learning to Love Globalization: Education and Individual Attitudes Toward International Trade

  title={Learning to Love Globalization: Education and Individual Attitudes Toward International Trade},
  author={Jens Hainmueller and Michael J. Hiscox},
  journal={International Organization},
  pages={469 - 498}
Recent studies of public attitudes toward trade have converged on one central finding: support for trade restrictions is highest among respondents with the lowest levels of education. This has been interpreted as strong support for the Stolper-Samuelson theorem, the classic economic treatment of the income effects of trade that predicts that trade openness benefits those owning factors of production with which their economy is relatively well endowed (those with skills in the advanced economies… 
Support for Free Trade: Self-Interest, Sociotropic Politics, and Out-Group Anxiety
Abstract Although it is widely acknowledged that an understanding of mass attitudes about trade is crucial to the political economy of foreign commerce, only a handful of studies have addressed this
Utilitarianism or cosmopolitanism? A study of education’s impact on individual attitudes toward foreign countries
  • Gong Chen
  • Economics
    International Interactions
  • 2021
ABSTRACT This article attempts to study two different causal mechanisms where education affects individual attitudes toward foreign countries. On the one hand, education stands for human capital
The puzzle of heterogeneity in support for free trade
Over time and across countries, researchers have noted frequent and mostly unexplained gender differences in the levels of support for policies of free or freer trade: according to aggregate results
Social Psychology and Public Support for Trade Liberalization
This study argues that a central factor in the determinants of citizen attitudes toward trade is the social psychology of the individual in question. Namely, we contend that the level of social trust
The Universal Link between Higher Education and Pro-Market Values
Does education promote support for liberal economic views? We show in a large cross-section of countries that in almost all cases those with higher educational attainment are more pro-market and less
Why do the less educated oppose trade openness? A test of three explanations in the Netherlands
The well-documented opposition to trade openness among the less educated is frequently interpreted in terms of the factor endowment model, suggesting that it is the insecure economic position of the
Understanding Attitudes toward Globalization at the Individual and National Level
The paper utilizes surveys from the Pew Research Center to develop an extensive dataset consisting of 53 countries, for the years 2002, 2007 and 2008, with over 80,000 respondents to examine
Occupation and the Political Economy of Trade: Job Routineness, Offshorability, and Protectionist Sentiment
Abstract The recent backlash against globalization in many advanced economies raises questions about the source of this protectionist sentiment. Traditional accounts generally attribute the welfare
Cognition, Resources, and Institutions in the Explanation of Attitudes to Free Trade
This article proposes a framework for the analysis of attitudes to foreign trade policies that challenges the traditional skill-endowment approach. The traditional approach assumes informed


Globalization and the Perceptions of American Workers
A number of recent events in the United States attest to a "globalization backlash" in opposition to continued liberalization of trade, foreign direct investment, and immigration. This backlash has
Why is Trade Reform so Popular in Latin America?: A Consumption-Based Theory of Trade Policy Preferences
Despite wavy national economies and a perception among observers that economic globalization is growing increasingly unpopular, aggregate support for free trade remains quite high across Latin
Interests and Integration: Market Liberalization, Public Opinion, and European Union
Integration in Europe has been a slow incremental process focusing largely on economic matters. Policymakers have tried to develop greater support for the European Union by such steps as creating
American Business and Public Policy: The Politics of Foreign Trade
American Business and Public Policy is a study of the politics of foreign trade. It challenges fifty years of writ-ing on pressure politics. It includes nine hundred interviews with heads of
Interests and Integration: Market Liberalization, Public Opinion, and European Union. By Gabel Matthew J. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998. 192p. $42.50.
  • Leonard Ray
  • Political Science
    American Political Science Review
  • 1999
Alexander George, whose work was marked by a "determination to develop forms of knowledge which are useful to policy-makers without loss of academic integrity" (p. 2). Yet, as seminal as were such
Labor Market Competition and Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy
This paper uses three years of individual-level data to analyze the determinants of individual preferences over immigration policy in the United States. We have two main empirical results. First,
The Effect of Economic Knowledge on Public Opinion of Economic Issues
Economic events and issues were a major concern of the American public in 1991 and 1992. This concern arose because the national economy experienced a recession from mid-1990 through the first