Learning outcomes of a group behavioral modification program to prevent urinary incontinence

Abstract

This study describes acquisition of knowledge and motor skill in bladder training (BT) and pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) and adherence following a behavioral modification program (BMP). Essentially continent (0–5 episodes in past year) community-dwelling older women (n=359) were randomized to treatment (n=164), a 2-h group education session supplemented by one brief individualized session of approximately 10 min, or control (n=195), no instruction, and followed for 12 months. Knowledge, motor skill, and adherence to the BMP were documented. Changes in pelvic muscle function and voiding interval were used to validate self-reported adherence. Following group instruction, mean BT and PFMT knowledge was 90 and 86%, respectively; 68% demonstrated correct PFMT technique without additional instruction, 29% required brief instruction, and 3% were unable to learn PFMT technique. Adherence ranged from 63 to 82% for PFMT and 58 to 67% for BT. Group instruction supplemented with brief individual instruction as needed is an effective teaching method for BT and PFMT.

DOI: 10.1007/s00192-005-1284-7

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Cite this paper

@article{Sampselle2005LearningOO, title={Learning outcomes of a group behavioral modification program to prevent urinary incontinence}, author={Carolyn M. Sampselle and Kassandra L. Messer and J. Seng and T. E. Raghunathan and Sandra H. Hines and Ananias Diokno}, journal={International Urogynecology Journal}, year={2005}, volume={16}, pages={441-446} }