Learning new names for new objects: Cortical effects as measured by magnetoencephalography

  title={Learning new names for new objects: Cortical effects as measured by magnetoencephalography},
  author={Katri Cornelissen and Matti Laine and Kati Renvall and Timo Saarinen and Nadine Martin and Riitta Salmelin},
  journal={Brain and Language},
Naming of newly learned objects: a PET activation study.
MEG Correlates of Learning Novel Objects Properties in Children
It is suggested that learning-related evolution in late ERF components over those regions may support the challenging task of rapidly creating new semantic representations supporting the processing of the meaning and functions of novel objects in children.
Accessing newly learned names and meanings in the native language
Both the behavioral learning pattern and neurophysiological results point to fundamentally different implementation of and access to phonological versus semantic features in processing pictured objects.
Distinct Neural Specializations for Learning to Read Words and Name Objects
It is argued that mid-to-anterior fusiform gyri preferentially process whole items and contribute to learning their spoken form associations, processes that are required for skilled reading, in contrast to parietal cortices, which preferentialially process componential visual–verbal mappings, a process that is crucial for early reading development.
Hippocampus activity differentiates good from poor learners of a novel lexicon
The contributions of the left hippocampus and bilateral inferior parietal lobule to form-meaning associative learning.
Findings indicate that the hippocampus and cortical regions contribute to form-meaning learning in different stages, and differential roles of the left hippocampus and bilateral inferior parietal lobule (IPL) in form- meaning associative learning are revealed.
Neurobiological Correlates of Inhibition of the Right Broca Homolog during New-Word Learning
It is confirmed that cTBS can induce lasting modulations of neural processes which are associated with learning, but the effect depends on the individual network state.
Functional Neuroanatomy of Contextual Acquisition of Concrete and Abstract Words
The meaning of a novel word can be acquired by extracting it from linguistic context. Here we simulated word learning of new words associated to concrete and abstract concepts in a variant of the


Dynamics of brain activation during picture naming
This static view into the dynamics of cortical activation is expanded using the accurate spatio-temporal resolution of whole-head magnetoencephalography to show that during picture naming, the conversion from visual to symbolic representation progressed bilaterally from the occipital visual cortex towards temporal and frontal lobes.
Adult Brain Plasticity Elicited by Anomia Treatment
The MEG results showed no evidence of increased right hemisphere participation following training, supporting the view that restoration of language-related networks in the damaged left hemisphere is crucial for anomia recovery.
An MEG Study of Picture Naming
A psycholinguistic processing model of picture naming is related to the dynamics of cortical activation during picture naming, showing a clear progression over these time windows from early occipital activation, via parietal and temporal to frontal activation.
Dynamics of letter string perception in the human occipitotemporal cortex.
The present data strongly support the special role of the left inferior occipitotemporal cortex in visual word processing within 200 ms after stimulus onset.
A Comment on the Functional Localization of the Phonological Storage Subsystem of Working Memory
Two possible foci for the phonological store within the parietal lobe are revealed, neither of which has a pattern of functional activation that is fully consistent with the Baddeley and Hitch model.
The neural correlates of the verbal component of working memory
Comparisons of distribution of cerebral blood flow in these conditions localized the phonological store to the left supramarginal gyrus whereas the subvocal rehearsal system was associated with Broca's area, the first demonstration of the normal anatomy of the components of the 'articulatory loop'.
The phonological loop as a language learning device.
It is proposed that the primary purpose for which the phonological loop evolved is to store unfamiliar sound patterns while more permanent memory records are being constructed, and its use in retaining sequences of familiar words is, it is argued, secondary.
Single word reading in developmental stutterers and fluent speakers.
A network including the left inferior frontal cortex and the right motor/premotor cortex, likely to be relevant in merging linguistic and affective prosody with articulation during fluent speech, thus appears to be partly dysfunctional in developmental stutterers.