Learning math by hand: The neural effects of gesture-based instruction in 8-year-old children

  title={Learning math by hand: The neural effects of gesture-based instruction in 8-year-old children},
  author={Elizabeth Wakefield and Eliza Congdon and Miriam A. Novack and Susan Goldin-Meadow and Karin Harman James},
  journal={Attention, Perception, \& Psychophysics},
Producing gesture can be a powerful tool for facilitating learning. This effect has been replicated across a variety of academic domains, including algebra, chemistry, geometry, and word learning. Yet the mechanisms underlying the effect are poorly understood. Here we address this gap using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We examine the neural correlates underlying how children solve mathematical equivalence problems learned with the help of either a speech + gesture strategy, or… 
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