Learning and Retention of Associations Between Auditory Icons and Denotative Referents: Implications for the Design of Auditory Warnings

@article{Stephan2006LearningAR,
  title={Learning and Retention of Associations Between Auditory Icons and Denotative Referents: Implications for the Design of Auditory Warnings},
  author={Karen L. Stephan and Sean E. Smith and Russell L. Martin and Simon P. A. Parker and Ken I. McAnally},
  journal={Human factors},
  year={2006},
  volume={48 2},
  pages={288-99}
}
OBJECTIVE This study examined the way in which the type and preexisting strength of association between an auditory icon and a warning event affects the ease with which the icon/event pairing can be learned and retained. BACKGROUND To be effective, an auditory warning must be audible, identifiable, interpretable, and heeded. Warnings consisting of familiar environmental sounds, or auditory icons, have potential to facilitate identification and interpretation. The ease with which pairings… CONTINUE READING