Learning Versus Performance

@article{Soderstrom2015LearningVP,
  title={Learning Versus Performance},
  author={Nicholas C. Soderstrom and Robert A. Bjork},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={10},
  pages={176 - 199}
}
The primary goal of instruction should be to facilitate long-term learning—that is, to create relatively permanent changes in comprehension, understanding, and skills of the types that will support long-term retention and transfer. During the instruction or training process, however, what we can observe and measure is performance, which is often an unreliable index of whether the relatively long-term changes that constitute learning have taken place. The time-honored distinction between… 

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