Information technologies in legal activities
- G. Vahanyan, V. Bleyan
The goal of this sociological survey was revealing the attitude of Armenian students towards integration of Information Technologies (IT) into Education system in the Republic of Armenia (RA). This survey was conducted by Siranush Vardanyan (a post graduate student at the Institute of Philosophy and Law under the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia) during May-August 2004 as a practical part of PhD dissertation titled “Innovative Programs in the Education System of Secondary Schools of the Republic of Armenia”. For conducting the sociological survey or the public opinion of 9-10 grade students a questionnaire was elaborated and distributed in 11 regions of Armenia, in one selected school in each region. Schools having Internet Computer Centers (ICC) established by Project Harmony Armenian Branch within the framework of the Armenia School Connectivity Program were selected as participants of the survey. Main conclusions from the conducted survey are: first, the majority of students consider that the integration of Internet technologies into the education system develops a positive attitude, even though not all the respondents had used Internet at school before; second, about half of the respondents give priority to the usage of Internet as a huge information resource. It shows that schoolchildren are currently in an information vacuum, since school libraries are extremely old, while Internet if provided could satisfy their needs in information. The schoolchildren of this age group strive to communicate with their peers while the chances of that are very limited in small environments like theirs. That’s why children try to compensate the lack of communication with virtual interaction. Thanks to the Internet the schoolchildren have a chance to make acquaintances from all over the world and learn from other cultures. The survey demonstrated that 27.2 percent of the questioned stressed the necessity for the improvement of the education level and computer literacy was considered a major factor for improving it. It should be mentioned that the current secondary education is far behind the international standards, and modern technologies provides an opportunity to improve the situation. It is not accidental that such a high percentage of the respondents stressed the importance of the improvement of the education system. While the secondary education system provides basic education there is also a need for self-education. Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) give good chances for personal education. The overwhelming majority of respondents realize the importance of Internet technologies in the development of the education system. This proves that in future secondary schools the Internet will be extensively used for educational purposes. A special attention should be paid to exploring educational websites, taking part in online projects, as well as providing information about distance learning. The survey demonstrated that the situation can be improved by increasing the number of computers in schools or upgrading the power of existing computers, by increasing the number of training hours and by improving the quality of Internet channel and access, as well as by adding the number of hours allocated for subjects, that can be taught in the computer centers. Adding of Armenian language resources for studying computers, organizing different online competitions and similar events should be considered for future effective work of computer centers.