Learning: from association to cognition.

@article{Shanks2010LearningFA,
  title={Learning: from association to cognition.},
  author={David R. Shanks},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
  year={2010},
  volume={61},
  pages={273-301}
}
Since the very earliest experimental investigations of learning, tension has existed between association-based and cognitive theories. Associationism accounts for the phenomena of both conditioning and "higher" forms of learning via concepts such as excitation, inhibition, and reinforcement, whereas cognitive theories assume that learning depends on hypothesis testing, cognitive models, and propositional reasoning. Cognitive theories have received considerable impetus in regard to both human… CONTINUE READING
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