Learned helplessness and superstitious behavior as opposite effects of uncontrollable reinforcement in humans.

@inproceedings{Matute1994LearnedHA,
  title={Learned helplessness and superstitious behavior as opposite effects of uncontrollable reinforcement in humans.},
  author={Helena Matute},
  year={1994}
}
Abstract Learned helplessness and superstition accounts of uncontrollability predict opposite results for subjects exposed to noncontingent reinforcement. Experiment 1 used the instrumental-cognitive triadic design proposed by Hiroto and Seligman (1975) for the testing of learned helplessness in humans, but eliminated the "failure light" that they introduced in their procedure. Results showed that Yoked subjects tend to superstitious behavior and illusion of control during exposure to… CONTINUE READING

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