Corpus ID: 142787728

Learned Helplessness: The Effect of Failure on Test Taking

  title={Learned Helplessness: The Effect of Failure on Test Taking},
  author={Michael W. Firmin and Chi-en Hwang and Margaret Copella and Sarah Clark},
  journal={Education 3-13},
This study examined learned helplessness and its effect on test taking. Students were given one of two tests; the first began with extremely difficult questions and the other started with easy questions. We hypothesized that those who took the test beginning with difficult questions would become easily frustrated and possibly doubt their intellectual ability. This would result in the participants missing easy questions when compared to those who took the test which began with the easy questions… 

Tables from this paper

An examination of turkish college-level students learned helplessness states in efl context
Human learning is multi-dimensional and progressive in nature, and it lasts a lifetime, getting influenced through a variety of elements. One of those elements, that is students’ own mental lives,
Investigating University Preparatory Students’ Level of Learned Helplessness in Learning English in Terms of Different Variables
The purpose of the study is to determine the level of learned helplessness of university preparatory students in learning English. In accordance with this purpose, it is examined whether there is a
Teachers’ Ratings of Students’ Learning Disabilities and Self-Reported Learned Helplessness of Polish Junior High School Students
The purpose of this study was to examine the levels of self-assessed dimensions of learned helplessness in a Polish sample of junior high school students. To qualify the students for the
Why Are Students With LD Depressed?
  • G. Sideridis
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of learning disabilities
  • 2007
Performance—avoidance goals may possess elements of the diathesis mechanism described by Dykman (1998), constituting a vulnerability factor that triggers the mechanism of depression when negative events are in place.
Degree of Parent's Practices of Learned helplessness Language from Basic Education Learned Helplessness Students' Perspective
This study aimed at investigating the degree of parents' practices of learned helplessness language from the viewpoint of primary stage learned helplessness students, and whether such degree varies
Understanding the school environments that engage and motivate young adolescents
This study used a phenomenological study design to better understand the influence of school environments and structures upon student engagement. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews
Participating in university entrance exam despite repeated failure: a qualitative study of participants’ experiences
This qualitative, exploratory study employed semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 35 candidates of a residency entrance exam who had failed the examination at least twice and were preparing to sit it again.
The purpose of this study was to examine locus of control and its impact on minority students. The objective of this study, through a comprehensive literature review, was to determine if students
Mathematics has been a problematic subject for K-12 students in the United States. The federal mandate of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was created to provide a system of accountability to public
A Motivational View of Constructivist‐informed Teaching
Constructivist and conceptual change perspectives on learning have given rise to a number of models of constructivist classroom teaching. Motivation has been recognized as an important factor in the


Effects of Uncontrollability and Failure on the Development of Learned Helplessness in Perceptual-Motor Tasks
The results reveal that both uncontrollability and failure can be responsible for different forms of learned helplessness.
Performance deficits following failure: learned helplessness or self-esteem protection?
We report two laboratory experiments which compare two competing explanations of performance deficits following failure: one based on Seligman's learned helplessness theory (LHT), and the other, on
Performance deficits following failure: Integrating motivational and functional aspects of learned helplessness
Abstract This paper deals with the psychological processes that mediate between repeated, uncontrollable failure on one task and performance deficits on subsequent tasks. A model is presented that
An examination of learned helplessness among attention-deficit hyperactivity disordered boys
A learned helplessness paradigm was employed to compare the performance of 23 boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and a comparable group of 22 nonreferred boys to reveal that the ADHD boys solved significantly fewer puzzles and gave up on significantly more puzzles.
Learned Helplessness: A Theory for the Age of Personal Control
1. Introduction 1.1 The Phenomena of Helplessness and Personal Control 1.2 The Theory of Learned Helplessness 1.3 Three Uses of "Learned Helplessness" 1.4 Learned Helplessness: Inward, Downward, and
Shipley Institute of Living Scale
A golf shoe heel filler having a plurality of spike retainers securred to the outer face of a plurality of resilient pads mounted on the bottom of the heel filter. The body is substantially hollow
Statistical theories ofmental test scores
  • 1968