Leaning on Legionnaires: Why Modern States Recruit Foreign Soldiers

  title={Leaning on Legionnaires: Why Modern States Recruit Foreign Soldiers},
  author={Elizabeth M.F. Grasmeder},
  journal={International Security},
Abstract Why do modern states recruit legionnaires—foreigners who are neither citizens nor subjects of the country whose military they serve? Rather than exclusively enlist citizens for soldiers, for the past two centuries states have mobilized legionnaires to help wage offensives, project power abroad, and suppress dissent. A supply-and-demand argument explains why states recruit these troops, framing the choice to mobilize legionnaires as a function of political factors that constrain the… 



Mercenaries, Hybrid Armies and National Security: Private Soldiers and the State in the 21st Century

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Measuring the European Conventional Balance: Coping with Complexity in Threat Assessment

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These considerations are initial steps that can be taken as the community strives to improve its cybersecurity posture where community policies are concerned.

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I am grateful to many friends and colleagues for comments on earlier drafts of this manuscript and for many helpful leads and suggestions. In particular, I would like to thank Alvin Bernstein,


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Noncitizen Soldiers