Leakage associated with urinary catheter usage: a design challenge.


Indwelling bladder catheter-associated leakage, or catheter bypassing, is a frequently experienced problem, necessitating a carefully planned intervention. Once a bladder catheter is in place, urine may flow intermittently between the catheter shaft and the urethra mucosa, or from around the catheter when inserted suprapubically. A review of the literature… (More)

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