Leaf herbivory and drought stress affect floral attractive and defensive traits in Nicotiana quadrivalvis

@article{Halpern2010LeafHA,
  title={Leaf herbivory and drought stress affect floral attractive and defensive traits in Nicotiana quadrivalvis},
  author={Stacey L. Halpern and Lynn S Adler and Michael Wink},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2010},
  volume={163},
  pages={961-971}
}
Adaptive phenotypic plasticity allows sessile organisms such as plants to match trait expression to the particular environment they experience. Plasticity may be limited, however, by resources in the environment, by responses to prior environmental cues, or by previous interactions with other species, such as competition or herbivory. Thus, understanding the expression of plastic traits and their effects on plant performance requires evaluating trait expression in complex environments, rather… CONTINUE READING
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