Leadership in fish shoals

@article{Krause2000LeadershipIF,
  title={Leadership in fish shoals},
  author={Jens Krause and Daniel Hoare and Stefan Krause and Charlotte K. Hemelrijk and Daniel I. Rubenstein},
  journal={Fish and Fisheries},
  year={2000},
  volume={1},
  pages={82-89}
}
Leadership is not an inherent quality of animal groups that show directional locomotion. However, there are other factors that may be responsible for the occurrence of leadership in fish shoals, such as individual differences in nutritional state between group members. It appears that front fish have a strong influence on directional shoal movements and that individuals that occupy such positions are often characterised by larger body lengths and lower nutritional state. Potential interactions… 
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