Leadership and the fate of organizations.

  title={Leadership and the fate of organizations.},
  author={Robert Blair Kaiser and Robert Edward Hogan and S. Bartholomew Craig},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  volume={63 2},
This article concerns the real-world importance of leadership for the success or failure of organizations and social institutions. The authors propose conceptualizing leadership and evaluating leaders in terms of the performance of the team or organization for which they are responsible. The authors next offer a taxonomy of the dependent variables used as criteria in leadership studies. A review of research using this taxonomy suggests that the vast empirical literature on leadership may tell… 

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