Leadership and the fate of organizations.

  title={Leadership and the fate of organizations.},
  author={R. Kaiser and R. Hogan and S. Craig},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  volume={63 2},
This article concerns the real-world importance of leadership for the success or failure of organizations and social institutions. The authors propose conceptualizing leadership and evaluating leaders in terms of the performance of the team or organization for which they are responsible. The authors next offer a taxonomy of the dependent variables used as criteria in leadership studies. A review of research using this taxonomy suggests that the vast empirical literature on leadership may tell… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Psychological theories view leadership as a social influence process in which leaders use interpersonal behaviors to motivate followers to contribute to group goals. On the other hand,Expand
The Leadership Value Chain
There is little question that leadership is vital to organizational effectiveness; however, there is a lack of comprehensive models of the processes and intervening factors that explain the linkExpand
Leadership across levels: Levels of leaders and their levels of impact
Abstract This article assesses 25 years of empirical leadership research in 11 top journals with the goal of understanding current practice and future needs for drawing solid conclusions aboutExpand
Leadership in Teams: A Functional Approach to Understanding Leadership Structures and Processes
As the use of teams has increased in organizations, research has begun to focus on the role of leadership in fostering team success. This review sought to summarize this literature and advanceExpand
Lessons from Leadership Theory and the Contemporary Challenges of Leaders
Leadership theories and the academic literature can sometimes seem difficult for practitioners to understand because of complex conceptualizations, obscure terms, and its enormousness. Yet taken as aExpand
Leading groups: Leadership as a group process
Although leadership is fundamentally a social psychological (and group) phenomenon, interest in the social psychology of leadership has waxed and waned over the years. The present article brieflyExpand
Searching for Outcomes of Leadership: A 25-Year Review
A significant question in management research is, “What criteria should be used to evaluate the effects of leadership?” In this review, the authors systematically summarize various ways the field ofExpand
Meaning-based leadership
The core role of leadership in organizations is to motivate the pursuit of the organization’s purpose (i.e., the reason the organization exists and does what it does). Yet, there currently is noExpand
Personality, Leadership, and Globalization: Linking Personality to Global Organizational Effectiveness
As we move deeper into the 21st century and organizations continue to expand globally, the need for talented leaders and enhanced leadership development programs will grow. In fact, rapid economicExpand
An Outcome-Based Perspective Of Leadership: Investigating The Direct Effects Of Corporate Leaders On The Firms Financial Outcome
Current leadership theories appear to have not kept up with modern theories of the firm and modern financial approaches.  Now there appears to be a major disconnect between leadership measures andExpand


What we know about Leadership
This article reviews the empirical literature on personality, leadership, and organizational effectiveness to make 3 major points. First, leadership is a real and vastly consequential phenomenon,Expand
The Social Scientific Study of Leadership: Quo Vadis?
In this article, we review the history of the social scientific study of leadership and the prevailing theories of leadership that enjoy empirical support. We demonstrate that the development ofExpand
Leadership in complex organizations
Abstract This paper asks how complexity theory informs the role of leadership in organizations. Complexity theory is a science of complexly interacting systems; it explores the nature of interactionExpand
Trust in leadership: meta-analytic findings and implications for research and practice.
Estimates of the primary relationships between trust in leadership and key outcomes, antecedents, and correlates are provided and a theoretical framework is offered to provide parsimony to the expansive literature and to clarify the different perspectives on the construct of trust in Leadership and its operation. Expand
Leadership capacity in teams
Abstract The present article examines the state of the field regarding leadership in teams. A perspective is advanced that considers leadership as an outcome of team processes (e.g., teamwork andExpand
Leadership and organizational performance: a study of large corporations.
It appears that the importance of external restrictions, and hence the maximum possible leadership influence, may range widely between specific performance criteria, which suggests a perspective on organization performance that may be applied to the leadership influence in other large organizations and political bodies. Expand
Leadership models, methods, and applications.
Over the last decade, the leadership field has grown in a number of new directions. The models of leadership being developed and intensively studied today focus more on what constitutes charismaticExpand
Executive Leadership and Organizational Performance: Suggestions for a New Theory and Methodology
It is argued that the question over whether top-level leadership significantly affects organizationalperformance can be clarified by properly interpreting the results of executive succession studiesExpand
A force for change : how leadership differs from management
Strong managers produce predictability and order, but leaders create, communicate and implement visions of the future which enable companies to change themselves in a changing competitiveExpand
Gender and the effectiveness of leaders: a meta-analysis.
Aggregated over the organizational and laboratory experimental studies in the sample, male and female leaders were equally effective, however, consistent with the assumption that the congruence of leadership roles with leaders' gender enhances effectiveness, men were more effective than women in roles that were defined in more masculine terms. Expand