Leaders without Leadership: Surrogate Governments in Poland

  title={Leaders without Leadership: Surrogate Governments in Poland},
  author={Krzysztof Zuba},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  pages={33 - 54}
  • K. Zuba
  • Published 2 January 2020
  • Political Science
  • Europe-Asia Studies
Abstract The subject of this analysis is a situation observed in Poland and, in recent years, other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in which the leadership of the executive is located outside a constitutionally defined government. A representative situation in which a prime minister is controlled by a party leader without a formal government position is defined as a ‘surrogate government’. Five Polish cabinets in the period 1991–2019 met the preliminary criteria of ‘surrogate… 
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