Lead pollution recorded in Greenland ice indicates European emissions tracked plagues, wars, and imperial expansion during antiquity

  title={Lead pollution recorded in Greenland ice indicates European emissions tracked plagues, wars, and imperial expansion during antiquity},
  author={Joseph Robert McConnell and Andrew I. Wilson and Andreas Stohl and Monica M. Arienzo and Nathan J. Chellman and Sabine Eckhardt and Elisabeth M Thompson and A. Mark Pollard and J{\o}rgen Peder Steffensen},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={5726 - 5731}
Significance An 1100 BCE to 800 CE record of estimated lead emissions based on continuous, subannually resolved, and precisely dated measurements of lead pollution in deep Greenland ice and atmospheric modeling shows that European emissions closely varied with historical events, including imperial expansion, wars, and major plagues. Emissions rose coeval with Phoenician expansion and accelerated during expanded Carthaginian and Roman lead–silver mining primarily in the Iberian Peninsula… 

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