Lead-free organic–inorganic tin halide perovskites for photovoltaic applications

@article{Noel2014LeadfreeOT,
  title={Lead-free organic–inorganic tin halide perovskites for photovoltaic applications},
  author={Nakita K. Noel and Samuel D. Stranks and Antonio Abate and Christian Wehrenfennig and Simone Guarnera and Amir A. Haghighirad and Aditya Sadhanala and Giles E. Eperon and Sandeep Kumar Pathak and Michael B. Johnston and Annamaria Petrozza and Laura M. Herz and Henry J. Snaith},
  journal={Energy and Environmental Science},
  year={2014},
  volume={7},
  pages={3061-3068}
}
Already exhibiting solar to electrical power conversion efficiencies of over 17%, organic–inorganic lead halide perovskite solar cells are one of the most promising emerging contenders in the drive to provide a cheap and clean source of energy. One concern however, is the potential toxicology issue of lead, a key component in the archetypical material. The most likely substitute is tin, which like lead, is also a group 14 metal. While organic–inorganic tin halide perovskites have shown good… 

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