Lay Theories of Essentialism

@article{Demoulin2006LayTO,
  title={Lay Theories of Essentialism},
  author={St{\'e}phanie Demoulin and J P Leyens and Vincent Y. Yzerbyt},
  journal={Group Processes \& Intergroup Relations},
  year={2006},
  volume={9},
  pages={25 - 42}
}
This article investigates the essentialist perception of social categories and differentiates it from two closely related concepts, namely entitativity and natural kind-ness. We argue that lay perceptions of social categories vary along three dimensions: natural kind-ness, entitativity, and essentialism. Depending on whether membership in social categories is forced or chosen, people develop different theories and associate different types of characteristics. Perceived control upon membership… 

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