Laws That Bit The Bullet: A Review of Legislative Responses to School Shootings

  title={Laws That Bit The Bullet: A Review of Legislative Responses to School Shootings},
  author={Jaclyn Schildkraut and Tiffany Cox Hernandez},
  journal={American Journal of Criminal Justice},
The recent mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut sparked an immediate discourse calling for a review of gun control legislation. However, this discourse was not new; rather, it was one that routinely follows this type of tragedy. In the wake of school shootings such as Columbine, Virginia Tech, and Jonesboro, a similar discourse appeared which prompted policymakers to introduce a number of pieces of legislation aimed at more efficient firearms regulation. While a… 
Assessing the influence of the Columbine shooting on federal sentencing outcomes
Abstract School shootings are not a new phenomenon in the United States or internationally. In comparison to other acts of violence experienced by youth, such tragedies are uncommon but garner
Commander- or Comforter-in-Chief?: Examining Presidential Rhetoric in the Wake of Mass Shootings
After mass shootings, various claims makers enter the national discourse to understand why these events happen and how best to respond to them in respect to policy and prevention. Among these
Virginia Tech Shooting
This chapter gives an overview of the news and policy debates following the second case study, the Virginia Tech school shooting. The focus on mental health restrictions within news media and
Rampage Shootings and Gun Control
The author sets out to unravel the factors that facilitate or impede the access of gun control to the political agenda in the wake of rampage shootings and analyses why some political debates lead to
School Security in the Post-Columbine Era: Trends, Consequences, and Future Directions
Harsh and reactionary school security measures, including policing, surveillance technology, and emergency preparedness strategies increased substantially in the two decades following the mass
Mass Shootings Backfire: The Boomerang Effects of Death Concerns on Policy Attitudes
ABSTRACT Fear-inducing communication is commonly adopted in the public domain. For example, advocates of gun control have believed that the tragic cases of mass shooting would be an effective
State-Level Policy Response to Mass Shootings
Recent mass shootings including Charleston, SC; Chattanooga, TN; Chardon, OH; Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, VA; and San Bernardino, California, have resulted in public outcry for action. Nevertheless,
Advancing responses to mass shootings using a routine activity approach
In the aftermath of high-profile mass shootings, such as those in Las Vegas, Nevada, and Sutherland Springs, Texas, there is continued demand for policy responses to such tragedies. Often, these
Violent Media, Guns, and Mental Illness: The Three Ring Circus of Causal Factors for School Massacres, as Related in Media Discourse
“When something like this happens, everybody says it’s an epidemic, and that’s just not true” (Amanda Nickerson, in Glaberson, 2012). While this reaction to the December 14, 2012 shooting at Sandy


Mass Shootings in Schools
The most frequent policy lesson drawn following the Columbine school shootings was the need for more gun controls. Review of the details of both Columbine and other contemporary school shootings
Violent Media, Guns and Moral Panics: The Columbine High School Massacre, 20 April 1999
This essay attempts to place the shootings at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, on 20 April 1999, and the initial media response, in some kind of historical perspective. In attempting to
School shootings, the media, and public fear: Ingredientsfor a moral panic
Recent shootings at schools around the country have resulted in widespread fear and panic among both students and parents, prompting a myriad of responses to make schools safer. Yet, empirical data
Gun Policy, Opinion, Tragedy, and Blame Attribution: The Conditional Influence of Issue Frames
Political events and policy discussion set parameters for debate and help to determine how an issue comes to be defined. Though existing research has examined the effects of alternative
Public opinion polling on gun policy.
Although the public support for a number of promising interventions targeting the design and manufacture of firearms has not been meaningfully investigated, strong support is evidenced for most other gun-control options.
The American public and the gun control debate.
As the election race heats up and the crime issue becomes more hotly debated, gun control will be an active part of that debate and will emerge as a major issue in its own right.
Public Opinion and Gun Control: A Comparison of Results From Two Recent National Surveys
This article compares results from two recent national surveys of public opinion on gun control and related weapons-policy issues. One survey was commissioned by the National Rifle Association, the
Continuity and Change in the American Gun Debate
My paper traces the debates about firearms control over the three decades since I became involved in gun research in the late 1960s. The circumstances of public discourse about guns in the late 1960s
Moral panics: culture, politics, and social construction
Social problems may fruitfully be looked at as constructed phenomena, that is, what constitutes a problem is the concern that segments of the public feel about a given condition. From the