Latin Squares : Transversals and counting of Latin squares

Author: Jenny Zhang First, let’s preview what mutually orthogonal Latin squares are. Two Latin squares L1 = [aij ] and L2 = [bij ] on symbols {1, 2, ...n}, are said to be orthogonal if every ordered pair of symbols occurs exactly once among the n2 pairs (aij , bij), 1 ≤ i ≤ n, 1 ≤ j ≤ n. Now, let me introduce a related concept which is called transversal. A… (More)