Lathyrism: A Review

@article{Barrow1974LathyrismAR,
  title={Lathyrism: A Review},
  author={Mark V. Jr. Barrow and Charles F. Simpson and E J Miller},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={1974},
  volume={49},
  pages={101 - 128}
}
Lathyrism encompases two entities. The first, neurolathyrism, occurs in a variety of animals, including man, after the consumption of several Lathyrus species. Three distinct neurolathyrogens have been isolated thus far from these plants. Clinical manifestations are marked by spastic paraplegia, and degenerative pathological changes are noted in the spinal cord to account for this effect. The other type of lathryrism, observed mainly in rats and turkeys, and not in man, is called osteolathyrism… Expand
Historical setting and neuropathology of lathyrism: Insights from the neglected 1944 report by Oliveras de la Riva
TLDR
A landmark but little-known Spanish-language neuropathological study of two patients with lathyrism of recent onset, where Oliveras de la Riva proposed that the segmental spinal pathology arose because distal regions of elongate pyramidal tract axons are distant from their trophic center in the motor cortex, a view not far from the current distal axonopathy concept of lATHyrism. Expand
Lathyrus hirsutus (Caley Pea) Intoxication in a Herd of Horses
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The neurologic signs of horses intoxicated with Caley Pea suggest involvement of the upper motor neuron system and regions of the spinal cord influencing voluntary motor movement and Drought conditions during plant growth may increase the risk of toxicosis. Expand
Lathyrus and Lathyrism: A review
TLDR
The authors have reviewed and documented the lethal manifestation of seeds of Lathyrus sp. Expand
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Altered collagene characteristics and lysyl oxidase activity in lathyrism
: Experiments were carried out on rats with lathyrism, which was induced by adding semicarbazide (0.075%) into drinking water for 45 days. The data obtained show a 30% reduction in the body weightExpand
Thiosemicarbazide-induced osteolathyrism in metamorphosing Xenopus laevis.
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Structure-activity relationships for osteolathyrism: I. Effects of altering the semicarbazide structure.
TLDR
Although semicarbazide had no effect on the developing liver, it did induce skeletal abnormalities similar to those described by Chang et al. (1954), in an effort to produce liver damage in chick embryos similar to that observed following administration of aminoguanidine. Expand
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TLDR
Experimental lathyrism showed that the alkali-soluble hydroxyproline was increased five-fold; but good analytical data were not obtainable on the constituents of alkali -soluble collagen. Expand
Isolation and identification from common vetch of the neurotoxin beta-cyano-L-alanine, a possible factor in neurolathyrism.
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TLDR
The experimental condition produced with either the odoratus factor or with a number of synthetic compounds related to P-aminopropionitrile has resulted chiefly in abnormalities of bone and mesenchymal tissue in contradistinction to human lathyrism which is neurologic in character. Expand
Lathyrism in Mice
TLDR
Experiments were continued with the aim of confirming Dasler and Milliser's work and producing lathyrism in a cheap and easily handled animal or, if the mouse were resistant, of using this difference in response between two such closely related species as the rat and the mouse for investigation of the pathogenesis of lATHyrism. Expand
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TLDR
Two lesions developed concomitantly,—degeneration of the joint cartilage and loosening of the capsular and ligamentous insertions and it is surmised that all these lesions are due to defective formation or excessive destruction of the chondroitin sulphate of the ground substance. Expand
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TLDR
Following its chemical isolation and the demonstration that beta-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) produced odoratism in rats, Barnett, Bird, Lalich and Strong demonstrated that BAPN produced a syndrome in turkey poults characterized by hock and toe deformity, pericardial hemorrhage, aortic rupture, and growth depression. Expand
Preliminary investigation of the relationship between bovine congenital lathyrism induced by aminoacetonitrile and the lupine induced crooked calf disease.
TLDR
Maternal feeding of the lathyrogen aminoacetonitrile, the range plant Lupinus caudatus, and an extract of this plant - expected to contain lathyrogens if present in the plant - all produced clinically similar congenital defects in calves, suggesting a possible relationship between lathyrism and lupine-induced crooked calf disease. Expand
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TLDR
The present study was devised to determine the effect of a known osteolathyrogenic agent during specific stages of gestation and especially to observe theeffect of this agent during the early critical stages of embryogenesis. Expand
An apparent relationship between locoism and lathyrism.
TLDR
It was demonstrated that the known lathyrogens, aminoacetonitrile and alpha, gamma-diaminobutyric acid, as well as an extract from the loco plant (expected to contain lathyrogen if present in the plant) produced many of the abortive, teratogenic and neurologic effects and signs evident in animals in true locoism. Expand
Pathology of the Nervous System
Lathyrus Factor Activity of Beta-Aminopropionitrile and Related Compounds.∗
Summary β-amino propionitrile will produce all the changes which have been described in rats fed 50% Lathyrus odoratus pea meal. None of the supplements fed with BAPN inhibited the development ofExpand
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